What year did Mahatma Gandhi receive his law degree?
What did Gandhi do in order to connect with the Indian people?
What was the purpose of Gandhi's last hunger strike?
- Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in the coastal town of Porbandar in Gujarat, India.
- He attended the Inner Temple in London, where he received his law degree in 1891.
- Gandhi moved to South Africa in 1893 to work as a lawyer for an Indian merchant, but was unsuccessful.
- In 1915, Gandhi returned to India and began to lead campaigns for social and political reform.
- Gandhi became the leader of the Indian National Congress in 1921 and led nationwide protests for independence from British rule.
- Gandhi adopted the traditional Indian dress of a dhoti and started living a self-sufficient lifestyle in order to connect with the Indian people.
- Gandhi was imprisoned many times and lived in exile for many years.
- On August 15, 1947, India became independent and the British Indian Empire was partitioned into Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.
- Gandhi visited the newly independent areas and attempted to ease the distress of the people.
- Gandhi undertook several hunger strikes in the months following independence in order to stop religious violence.
- The last of these, which began on January 12, 1948, was also an attempt to pressure the Indian government to pay Pakistan some money owed.
- Mahatma Gandhi passed away on January 30, 1948.
Test your knowledge about the life and achievements of Mahatma Gandhi, a prominent leader in India's independence movement.
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