Viral Infections and Antiviral Drugs

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What is the primary target tissue for Influenza virus?

Respiratory epithelial cells

What is the primary target of HIV infection?

CD4 T lymphocytes

What is the mechanism of action of neuraminidase inhibitors like Oseltamivir and Zanamivir?

They inhibit the release of newly formed virions from host cells.

Which type of virus can develop latency in the innervating neuron?

Herpes simplex viruses (HSV)

Viral infections can only replicate outside of a living host cell.

False

Which step of viral replication involves the synthesis of late structural proteins (capsid)?

Assembly & release from host cell

The eclipse cycle includes the synthesis of late structural proteins such as capsid.

True

HSV can replicate in mucoepithelial cells and then develop latency in the innervating neuron.

True

HIV primarily infects CD4T lymphocytes.

True

Neuraminidase inhibitors like Oseltamivir and Zanamivir target the synthesis of early regulatory proteins in viral replication.

False

Test your knowledge about viral infections, antiviral drugs, and different types of viruses. Learn about RNA and DNA viruses, viral tropism, and the specific viruses that infect humans.

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