Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) Complications and Treatment

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18 Questions

What is the most common heart defect in children?

Ventricular septal defect

What is the consequence of untreated congenital heart defects leading to high blood pressure in the lungs?

Eisenmenger syndrome

What is the surgical treatment for a ventricular septal defect (VSD)?

Knitted Dacron patch

What is a characteristic of a small ventricular septal defect (VSD)?

High flow murmur at left sternal border

Which condition may develop in a child with untreated congenital heart defects due to high blood pressure in the lungs?

Cyanosis

What is the main purpose of the purse string approach in treating a small ventricular septal defect?

Minimize scarring in wound closure

Which diagnostic tool is typically used to confirm Atrioventricular Canal Defect?

Echocardiography

What is the most common cardiac defect in Down's syndrome?

Atrioventricular canal defect

What is the initial surgical correction timeline for children with Down Syndrome who have an Atrioventricular Canal Defect?

3 months

Which medication is NOT typically used in the management of Atrioventricular Canal Defect?

Aspirin

What does Pulmonary Artery Banding aim to achieve in the treatment of Atrioventricular Canal Defect?

Decrease pulmonary blood flow

What complication is NOT associated with Atrioventricular Canal Defect?

Patent Ductus Arteriosus

What is the treatment option for inducing spasm and closure in certain heart conditions?

Indomethacin

Which procedure involves switching the pulmonary artery and aorta to their correct positions?

Arterial switch

What is a common clinical manifestation of certain heart conditions that presents as a 'Machinery-like murmur'?

Asymptomatic

In the context of heart failure treatment, what is a commonly used medication along with fluid restriction and diuretics?

Digoxin

Which condition requires correction within the first 14 days of life through procedures like the arterial switch?

Coarctation of the aorta

'Chezer - Rox - Hannah - Khim - Kisha!' is associated with which obstructive heart defect mentioned in the text?

Coarctation of the aorta

Learn about the physical underdevelopment, respiratory infections, heart failure, atrial arrhythmias, and mitral valve prolapses associated with Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD). Understand the symptoms of heart failure, such as a loud systolic murmur at the left sternal border, and know the treatment options which include surgery to suture or patch the hole in the septum.

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