Theories of Intelligence Quiz

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36 Questions

Which of the following best defines intelligence?

The ability to reason logically

What is the consensus definition of intelligence?

A general reasoning ability

What are the two main classes of intelligence theories?

Factor-analytic theories and information-processing theories

What is factor analysis used for in intelligence theories?

To identify abilities that constitute intelligence

What did Spearman's two-factor theory of intelligence propose?

The existence of a general intellectual ability factor (g) that is partially tapped by all other mental abilities

What did Thurstone's primary mental abilities propose?

The existence of seven independent primary mental abilities (PMAs)

Which theory sought to de-emphasize, if not eliminate, reference to g?

Guilford's Structure of Intellect Model

What did the Cattell Horn Model propose?

The original g factor of Spearman breaks down into two major cognitive abilities: fluid intelligence (gf) and crystallized intelligence (gc)

Which cognitive abilities peak around the age of 25 to 30?

Memory span, processing speed, and reasoning ability

What does Cattell's theory explain about the positive manifold?

Both gf and gc are general ability factors that are strongly correlated because gf, in part, causes gc via investment

How many broad ability factors did Horn propose in addition to gf and gc?

Eight

How are the intelligence factors inter-correlated?

Positively with each other

Which of the following best defines intelligence?

The ability to reason logically

What is the consensus definition of intelligence?

A general reasoning ability

What are the two main classes of intelligence theories?

Factor-analytic theories and information-processing theories

What is factor analysis used for in intelligence theories?

To identify abilities that constitute intelligence

What did Spearman's two-factor theory of intelligence propose?

The existence of a general intellectual ability factor (g) that is partially tapped by all other mental abilities

What did Thurstone's primary mental abilities propose?

The existence of seven independent primary mental abilities (PMAs)

Which theory sought to de-emphasize, if not eliminate, reference to g?

Guilford's Structure of Intellect Model

What did the Cattell Horn Model propose?

The original g factor of Spearman breaks down into two major cognitive abilities: fluid intelligence (gf) and crystallized intelligence (gc)

Which cognitive abilities peak around the age of 25 to 30?

Memory span, processing speed, and reasoning ability

What does Cattell's theory explain about the positive manifold?

Both gf and gc are general ability factors that are strongly correlated because gf, in part, causes gc via investment

How many broad ability factors did Horn propose in addition to gf and gc?

Eight

How are the intelligence factors inter-correlated?

Positively with each other

Which of the following best describes intelligence?

The ability to reason logically and solve problems

What is the consensus definition of intelligence?

The ability to reason logically and solve problems

What are the two main classes of intelligence theories?

Factor-analytic theories and information-processing theories

What is Spearman's two-factor theory of intelligence?

Intelligence is a 'general reasoning ability' and specific abilities

What is Thurstone's primary mental abilities theory?

Intelligence is defined by seven independent primary mental abilities (PMAs)

What is the Cattell Horn Model?

Intelligence is a combination of fluid and crystallized intelligence

What is the relationship between memory span, processing speed, and reasoning ability with age?

They all peak around the age of 25 to 30

What is Guilford's Structure of Intellect Model?

Intelligence is composed of 120 different abilities

What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences?

Intelligence is composed of eight different intelligences

What is the explanation for the positive manifold according to Cattell's theory?

The positive manifold is caused by the existence of general ability factors

How are the intelligence factors related to each other?

They are inter-correlated positively with each other

What is the focus of factor-analytic theories of intelligence?

Identifying the ability or groups of abilities that constitute intelligence

Study Notes

Theories of Intelligence: A Comprehensive Overview

  • Intelligence is a multifaceted capacity with the abilities to acquire and apply knowledge, reason logically, make sound judgments and solve problems, infer perceptively, and grasp and visualize concepts.
  • Psychologists initially struggled to define intelligence, but a consensus definition emerged that defines intelligence as a "general reasoning ability."
  • The two main classes of intelligence theories are factor-analytic theories and information-processing theories.
  • Factor-analytic theories use factor analysis to identify the ability or groups of abilities that constitute intelligence, while information-processing theories focus on identifying the specific mental processes that constitute intelligence.
  • Spearman's two-factor theory of intelligence proposed the existence of a general intellectual ability factor (g) that is partially tapped by all other mental abilities, as well as specific abilities (s).
  • Thurstone's primary mental abilities proposed that intelligence is defined by seven independent primary mental abilities (PMAs), but he later accepted the existence of g.
  • Other multiple-factor models of intelligence have been proposed that have sought to de-emphasize, if not eliminate, reference to g, such as Guilford's Structure of Intellect Model and Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences.
  • The Cattell Horn Model proposed that the original g factor of Spearman actually breaks down into two major cognitive abilities: fluid intelligence (gf) and crystallized intelligence (gc).
  • Memory span, processing speed, and reasoning ability peak around the age of 25 to 30, while vocabulary (a crystallized ability) peaks at around 65 to 70 and decreases only minimally into people's 80s.
  • Cattell's theory explains the positive manifold by stating that both gf and gc are general ability factors that are strongly correlated because gf, in part, causes gc via investment.
  • Horn proposed an additional eight broad ability factors that subsume many different narrow ability factors.
  • The intelligence factors are inter-correlated positively with each other.

Test your knowledge on the different theories of intelligence with this comprehensive overview quiz. From Spearman's two-factor theory to Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences, this quiz covers the main classes of intelligence theories and their proposed models. Challenge yourself with questions on factor-analytic theories, information-processing theories, primary mental abilities, and more. Enhance your understanding of the multifaceted capacity that is intelligence with this informative quiz.

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