The Stress-Depression Link: Textbook 1

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What percentage of our enduring personality traits and cognitive abilities are attributed to genetic influence?

What is the range of heritability estimates for specific cognitive abilities, such as memory or ability to perceive spatial relations, in the study conducted by McClearn and colleagues?

What factors can overwhelm the influence of genes in determining cognitive abilities?

Which of the following statements about gene dominance is true?

Which of the following characteristics are likely to be polygenic?

Which of the following disorders is determined by a single gene defect?

Which of the following statements about genes and environmental factors is true?

Which chromosomes determine an individual's sex?

What is the structure of DNA molecules that contain genes?

How many base pairs are there on the X chromosome?

What is the difference between a dominant gene and a recessive gene?

According to the diathesis-stress model, individuals inherit tendencies to express certain traits or behaviors, which may then be activated under conditions of stress. What is a diathesis?

According to the diathesis-stress model, what activates an individual's genetic tendency to develop a disorder?

What does the reciprocal gene-environment model propose?

What did the study by Caspi and colleagues (2003) reveal about the relationship between a specific gene and depression?

Which of the following is true about the absence of normal maternal behavior in rat pups?

What does the text suggest about the relationship between genes and psychological disorders?

What is the purpose of linkage studies in genetics research?

What does the text suggest about the structure and function of the brain?

Which allele(s) is associated with an increased risk of depression in individuals who experience severe and stressful maltreatment during childhood?

What is the effect of stressful childhood experiences on the incidence of depression in adulthood for individuals carrying the LL alleles?

In the diathesis-stress model, what is the relationship between underlying vulnerability and the amount of stress needed to trigger a disorder?

What did the Kilpatrick et al. (2007) study find about individuals with the SS genetic makeup and the experience of the Florida hurricanes?

Which model provides support for the gene-environment interaction in the development of depression and other disorders?

What do psychologists now believe about the relationship between genetic endowment and stressful life events?

What is an example of the gene-environment correlation model?

What is the relationship between genetic vulnerability and environmental risk factors?

What do subsequent studies provide for the gene-environment interaction model?

What have psychologists found about the interrelationships between genes and environment?

Which of the following is an example of a disorder that is determined by a single gene defect?

What is the purpose of restricting the amount of phenylalanine in the diet of a child with phenylketonuria (PKU)?

What is the relationship between genes and physical appearance?

What is the relationship between genes and behavior?

Which of the following statements about chromosomes is true?

What is the structure of DNA molecules that contain genes?

What is the difference between a dominant gene and a recessive gene?

How many base pairs are there on the X chromosome?

What is the best estimate for the genetic contribution to our enduring personality traits and cognitive abilities?

In the study conducted by McClearn and colleagues, what was the range of heritability estimates for specific cognitive abilities, such as memory or ability to perceive spatial relations?

What is the range of heritability calculation for personality traits such as shyness or activity levels?

In the study of more than 1,200 twins spanning 35 years, what factors determined stability in cognitive abilities during adulthood?

Which allele(s) is associated with an increased risk of depression in individuals who experience severe and stressful maltreatment during childhood?

What did the Kilpatrick et al. (2007) study find about individuals with the SS genetic makeup and the experience of the Florida hurricanes?

What do subsequent studies provide for the gene-environment interaction model?

Which of the following is a key finding from studies with rat pups regarding maternal behavior and stress hormones?

What do behavioral geneticists conclude about the role of genes in psychological disorders?

What is the purpose of linkage studies in genetics research?

According to Eric Kandel, what effect can learning have on genes?

Which model proposes that individuals inherit tendencies to express certain traits or behaviors, which may then be activated under conditions of stress?

What is the relationship between genetic vulnerability and the amount of stress needed to trigger a disorder, according to the diathesis-stress model?

What did the study by Caspi and colleagues (2003) reveal about the relationship between a specific gene and depression?

What is the purpose of linkage studies in genetics research?

Which model provides support for the gene-environment interaction in the development of depression and other disorders?

What is the relationship between genetic vulnerability and environmental risk factors?

According to the diathesis-stress model, what activates an individual's genetic tendency to develop a disorder?

What do psychologists now believe about the relationship between genetic endowment and stressful life events?

What is an example of the gene-environment correlation model?

Which type of study records changes over time as they occur?

What is the main reason for studying clinical problems over time?

How do parents typically report the onset of a disorder in their child's behavior?

What is the purpose of prevention research in studying clinical problems over time?

What do prospective studies sometimes reveal compared to retrospective studies?

What type of studies ask people to remember what happened in the past?

What is the main goal of studying clinical problems over time?

What is the pattern of the onset of disorders according to parents' reports?

What is the main benefit of prevention research in studying clinical problems over time?

What type of studies record changes over time as they occur?

Description

Discover the Link Between Stressful Life Events and Depression Risk in this Eye-Opening Quiz! Learn about the impact of S and L alleles on the likelihood of experiencing a major depressive episode. Test your knowledge and uncover the fascinating findings of this groundbreaking study.

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