The First British Empire: North America History

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31 Questions

In which year was the first permanent English settlement in North America established?

1607

Where did the Pilgrims land to establish the first permanent English settlement in New England?

Massachusetts Bay

Which colony was based on the principle of religious toleration?

Rhode Island

Who formed the Massachusetts Bay Company in 1628?

The colonists in Massachusetts Bay

Which colony was a haven for Roman Catholics?

Maryland

Which colony was seized from the Netherlands and renamed New York in 1664?

New Amsterdam

What event led to the intensification of friction between the English colonies and New France in the 1690s?

The War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714)

What was the significance of the Peace of Utrecht (1713) in relation to British territorial possessions?

It officially ceded the conquered French American possessions to the British

What was the result of England's conquest of Jamaica in 1655?

The transformation of the West Indies into a plantation economy based on slavery

Which event marked the beginning of the transformation of the West Indies into a plantation economy based on slavery?

The West Indian tobacco boom gradually petering out

What led to the establishment of the Royal Africa Company in 1672?

The need to bring large numbers of African slaves to the Caribbean

What was the major labor force required for sugar production in the West Indies?

African slaves from Africa

What did the Treaty of Madrid in 1670 acknowledge?

English possessions in the Caribbean

What event gave Britain a territorial presence in the Mediterranean Sea for the first time?

The War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714)

"In which conflict were Spanish islands of Gibraltar and Minorca seized by British forces?"

What was the first permanent English settlement in North America?

Jamestown, Virginia

When did the Pilgrims establish Plymouth Colony in New England?

1620

Which colony was based on the principle of religious toleration?

Rhode Island

In which year was New Amsterdam seized from the Netherlands and renamed New York?

1664

Under whose royal grant was the colony of Pennsylvania formed?

William Penn

Which colony was a haven for Roman Catholics?

Maryland

What was the primary reason for the transformation of the West Indies into a plantation economy based on slavery?

Introduction of sugar production

Which conflict led to the capture of French American possessions of Acadia and Newfoundland by British forces?

War of the Spanish Succession

What did the Peace of Utrecht (1713) officially cede to the British as a result of the War of the Spanish Succession?

Conquered lands in New France

What was the significance of the establishment of the Hudson’s Bay Company near Hudson Bay?

Participation in the fur trade

Which event led to Spain finally acknowledging English possessions in the Caribbean through the Treaty of Madrid in 1670?

Raiding of Spanish trade by English privateers

What was the outcome of England's conquest of Jamaica in 1655?

First English colony taken by force

What did the Peace of Utrecht (1713) extend to Britain as a result of the War of the Spanish Succession?

Rights to supply slaves to the Spanish Americas

What was the consequence of Spain losing Gibraltar and Minorca to Britain during the War of the Spanish Succession?

Establishment of Britain as an overseas power

What impact did the establishment of Royal Africa Company have on labor in English islands?

Large proportion of population became slaves

What was the initial labor force for English plantations in the West Indies before the introduction of sugar production?

White indentured servants from England

Test your knowledge of the first British Empire's settlements in North America. Learn about the founding of Jamestown, Plymouth Colony, and other significant events in early colonial history.

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