Sociology: Study of Society and Social Relationships

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What is the difference between a primary group and a secondary group in sociology?

Primary group is small, intimate, and less specialized with interactions over time, while secondary group is large, less intimate, more specialized, and based on impersonal and objective-oriented relationships for a limited time.

Explain the concept of in-group and out-group in sociology.

In-group refers to where one belongs, providing a sense of identity, while out-group is where one does not belong, leading to feelings of competitiveness or hostility.

What are the different categories of norms in society?

The categories of norms include rights vs rude (folkways), rights vs wrong (mores), right vs forbidden (taboos), and right vs illegal (laws).

Define roles in sociology.

Roles are the behaviors expected from someone who holds a particular social status.

What is the difference between role strain and role conflict?

Role strain is the stress caused by the demands of a single role, while role conflict arises from demands imposed by multiple roles.

Explain the concept of deviance in sociology.

Deviance refers to behavior that violates the standards of conduct, expectations, or social norms within a society.

What are the different forms of deviance discussed in sociology?

The forms of deviance include ritualism, retreatism, innovation, rebellion, and conformity.

Define social control in sociology.

Social control refers to organized actions intended to change people's behavior by enforcing social norms.

What is human dignity, and why is it important in sociology?

Human dignity is the sense of self-respect and inherent rights all human beings possess.

Explain the concept of common good in sociology.

Common good refers to benefits that contribute to society as a whole rather than a specific section of society.

Explore the fundamental concepts of sociology, including social relationships, interactions, and different types of societies like hunting and gathering, horticulture, industrial, and post-industrial societies. Learn about primary groups, secondary groups, in-groups, and out-groups within society.

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