Social Psychology Quiz

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60 Questions

According to the text, which of the following can help overcome prejudice?

Equal status and power in contact settings

According to the text, when is rational (explicit) thinking more likely to occur?

When an audience is motivated/interested in a topic

According to the text, what does the central route to persuasion focus on?

Facts, logic, and the content of the message

According to the text, what does the peripheral route to persuasion focus on?

Features of the issue/presentation that are not factual

According to the text, what does the identifiable victim effect refer to?

Being moved to action by the story of a single suffering person

According to the text, which system of the dual process model operates implicitly, quickly, and intuitively, predominantly emotional?

Experiential system

According to the text, which social norm refers to the tendency to repay others?

Reciprocity

According to the text, what is the 'Door-in-the-Face Technique'?

Asking for something relatively big, followed by a request for something relatively small

According to the text, what is the 'Foot-in-the-Door Technique'?

Making a simple request, followed by a larger request

Which bias refers to the tendency to project one's self-concept onto the social world?

False Consensus Effect

What term describes the biased ways of processing self-relevant information to enhance our positive self-evaluation?

Self-Serving Biases

Which attribution explains the behavior of another person in terms of an innate quality?

Internal Attributions

Which attribution explains the behavior of another person as the result of the situation?

External Attributions

What is the tendency to over-emphasize internal attributions and underemphasize external factors when explaining other people's behavior?

Fundamental Attribution Error

What term describes the preference for one's own social groups and the motivation to view them as superior to outgroups?

Ingroup Bias

What is a cognitive structure that guides how we process information about our social world and includes beliefs about the characteristics of a specific social group?

Stereotype

According to the text, why do we follow social norms?

To gain social approval and avoid ostracism

What is the function of mimicry in social interaction?

To serve as 'social glue' and help coordinate behavior

What is synchrony in the context of social psychology?

When two individuals' speech, language, and physiological activity become similar during social interaction

What are social roles?

Guidelines that apply to specific positions within a group

What is the relationship between behavior and the person and environment, according to Kurt Lewin's equation?

Behavior is a function of the person and the environment

What are social norms usually characterized as?

'Unwritten', implicit, or implied

What are the potential consequences of violating social norms?

Disciplinary action and social disapproval

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon occurs when a group member's performance is affected by the presence of others?

Social facilitation

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon occurs when individuals change their behavior to fit in with a group?

Conformity

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon refers to the reduced personal responsibility felt by individuals when more people are present in a situation?

Diffusion of responsibility

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon states that individuals are less likely to help when there are other people present who are also not helping?

Bystander effect

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon refers to the change in behavior to adopt a group's perspective in order to be accepted by the group?

Normative influence

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon occurs when individuals have a genuine interest in the information provided by a group and privately accept it?

Informational influence

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon refers to the change in behavior due to the influence of an authority figure?

Obedience

According to the text, what is the function of mimicry in social interaction?

To establish rapport and affiliation

According to the text, what are social norms?

Unwritten guidelines for how to behave in social contexts

According to the text, what are the potential consequences of violating social norms?

Ostracism and exclusion

According to the text, what is the identifiable victim effect?

The tendency to over-emphasize internal attributions and underemphasize external factors when explaining other people's behavior

According to the text, why do we follow social norms?

To gain social approval and acceptance

According to the text, what social psychology phenomenon occurs when a group member's performance is affected by the presence of others?

Social facilitation

According to the text, what term describes the biased ways of processing self-relevant information to enhance our positive self-evaluation?

Self-serving bias

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon refers to the tendency to view the world from the perspective of our own self-concept?

Naïve Realism

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon refers to the biased ways of processing self-relevant information to enhance our positive self-evaluation?

Self-Serving Biases

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon refers to the tendency to over-emphasize internal (dispositional) attributions and underemphasize external (situational) factors when explaining other people’s behavior?

Fundamental Attribution Error

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon refers to the motivation to view one's own social groups as superior to outgroups?

Ingroups and Outgroups

According to the text, what term describes a cognitive structure that guides how we process information about our social world and includes beliefs about the characteristics of a specific social group?

Stereotype

According to the text, what term describes emotionally charged responses toward outgroup members, including holding negative attitudes and making critical judgments of other groups?

Prejudice

According to the text, what term describes behavior that disadvantages members of a certain social group, such as racism, classism, and sexism?

Discrimination

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon occurs when individuals change their behavior to fit in with a group?

Conformity

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon refers to the change in behavior due to the influence of an authority figure?

Obedience to authority

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon refers to the reduced personal responsibility felt by individuals when more people are present in a situation?

The bystander effect

According to the text, which social psychology phenomenon occurs when a group member's performance is affected by the presence of others?

Social facilitation

According to the text, what are schemas in the context of social cognition?

Organized clusters of knowledge, beliefs, and expectations that influence our attention and perceptual processes

According to the text, what are heuristics in the context of social cognition?

Best guess problem solving strategies based on prior experiences

According to the text, what is person perception in the context of social cognition?

The process by which individuals categorize and form judgments about other people

According to the text, what is the focus of the Central Route to Persuasion?

Facts, logic, and the content of the message

According to the text, what is the focus of the Peripheral Route to Persuasion?

Features of the issue/presentation that are not factual

According to the text, what is the Identifiable Victim Effect?

People are more powerfully moved to action by the story of a single suffering person than by information about a whole group of people

According to the text, what is the Experiential System in the Dual Process Model?

Operates implicitly, quickly, and intuitively, predominantly emotional

According to the text, what is the Analytic System in the Dual Process Model?

Operates explicitly, slower and more methodical, uses logic to understand reality

According to the text, what is the 'Door-in-the-Face Technique'?

Asking for something relatively big followed by a request for something relatively small

According to the text, what is the 'Foot-in-the-Door Technique'?

Making a simple request followed by a larger request

According to the text, what is the effect of reciprocity?

A strong social norm to repay others

According to the text, what is the effect of consistency?

It is hard to say 'no' after saying 'yes'

Test your knowledge of social psychology concepts such as naïve realism and the false consensus effect. Challenge your understanding of how our judgments about sexual orientation and political affiliation can be influenced by these cognitive biases.

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