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Scotch Whisky Export Destination 2022

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What were the top 3 largest export destinations for Scotch Whisky in 2023, defined by market value

USA, France, Singapore

What were the top 3 largest export destination for Scotch Whisky in 2023, defined by volume?

France, India, USA

What were the top 3 largest export by global regions for Scotch Whisky in 2023?

Asia Pacific (32%), EU (28%), North America (21%)

What are the ingredients for whisky?

water, grain and yeast

Where did the distillation develop from?

Ancient China

Where and when was the first written record of scotch whisky?

In the Scottish exchequer rolls in 1494

Who in the Scottish exchequer rolls of 1494 gave King James IV, Scotch whisky?

Friar John Cor

What does the barley need to be for it to be malted?

Must be dry, ripe and have sufficient protein within the husk

What is malted barley?

Malted barely is barely which has been allowed to germinate by soaking in water and then dried by the application of heat

What does a distiller look for in barley?

Good stable yield, with high sugar conversion rates and easy mashing with no clogging up of the mash turn by any remaining starch

As of January 2024 how many malt whisky distilleries are there?

157

What are the three main ingredients used in the production of Scottish whisky?

Barley malt, yeast, and water

Where does the aging of Scottish whisky take place after distillation?

Oak barrels

Which region in Scotland produces heavily peated whiskies?

Islay

What is the purpose of drying barley malt in a kiln during the whisky production process?

To impart flavor, including smokiness if peat-fired

What is a notable characteristic of Highland malts in Scottish whisky production?

Robust and nutty flavors

What is the purpose of fermenting the wort in large vessels during Scottish whisky production?

To create wash

Which region of Scotland is known for producing whiskies with soft, barley, and citrus notes?

Speyside

What unique characteristic do Campbeltown whiskies offer in the world of Scottish whisky production?

A diverse range of flavors

Which main ingredient is responsible for absorbing flavors from the wood and environment during the aging process of Scottish whisky?

The distilled spirit

During the whisky production process, what is the purpose of fermenting the wash in large vessels?

To produce alcohol through fermentation

Which ingredient in Scottish whisky production is responsible for absorbing flavors from the wood and environment during the aging process?

Distilled spirit

What is a notable characteristic of Highland malts in Scottish whisky production?

Nutty and robust profile

What distinguishes Speyside whiskies from other regions in Scotland?

Fruity characteristics

What process is essential to follow after drying barley malt in a kiln during Scottish whisky production?

Mixing with warm water to create wort

What is malting?

Malting is the process in which the enzymes within the grain are activated to allow germination

What happens after germination is complete?

The grains dry in a kiln to preserve enzymes and lengthen the life of the malted barley grains

What is the mashing process?

When the grist is is added into the mash turn with warm water. During this all of the sugars are created

What is grist and what temperature of water do you mix it with?

Grist is the when the malted barley is grounded in a roller mill to open up the enzymes. The temperature of the water it is mixed in with is 63 or 64

What sugar is most abundant in the distilling process?

Maltrose

What are the 5 sugars metabolised by the yeast during fermentation

Glucose, Fructose, Surcose, Maltose, Maltotriose

How long will it take after being in the mash turn for the starch to be converted to sugar?

1 hour

What is the sugary liquid that is produced in fermentation called?

the wort

What is the washback?

It is a large vessel that the wort gets transferred in to. Where minerals, vitamins and oxygen are also stored so that alcoholic fermentation can begin.

When the yeast start to eat the sugars and convert it to alcohol in the washback how long does it take for all the sugars to be converted?

30 to 40 hours

Why are oak casks used?

Oak casks are used to because oak breaths meaning that there is an exchange between the air outside and the alcohol within the ask.

What are the top and the bottom of a cask called?

Head

What is the part of the cask called that is used to fill and empty the cask?

Bung Hole

What type of still is grain whisky made in?

Continuous or Coffey still?

When was the Coffey still invented

1830

What is blended whisky.

A blend of grain and malt whisky

What was the first blended whisky?

Ushers Old Vatted Glenlivet

What is a "Secondary" Blended whisky composition, and name what brands

15% malt, 85% grain (100 pipers, High commissioner)

What is a "Standard" Blended whisky composition, and name what brands

30% malt, 70% grain (Bells, Grouse)

What is a "De-Luxe" Blended whisky composition, and name what brands

60% grain minimal (Johnny walker, Chivas, Dewars)

Which UK Prime Minister made the requirement for scotch to be aged

David Lloyd George

What years related to casks and why

1933 : Has to be stored in a cask within a bonded warehouse. 1966: Insist to be stored within a Oak cask. 1990: Mandatory Oak casks

What colouring can be added to scotch whisky?

E150A Caramel colouring

What are the 5 scotch Whisky regulations

“Highland”, “Lowland”, “Speyside”, “Islay” and “Campbeltown”.

What is the total tax % of the price of scotch whisky?

75%

What's the difference between bourbon casks and sherry casks?

Bourbon casks are charred, and sherry casks are toasted

In what year was Islay and Jura omitted from Excise Duty regulations

1707

What year was the scotch whisky association established?

1912

What year was the scotch whisky categories and geographical locations set

2009

What is the worlds largest bonded warehouse and where is it?

Diageos Blackridge in Stirling

When was MUP introduced and what value is it set to rise to?

Introduced in 2018, set to rise to 65p

What is the most popular category of scotch?

Blended Scotch

What's the most amount of volume an oak cask can contain

700 litres

What is the only type of scotch that has to be bottled in Scotland?

Single malts

When were the scotch whisky regulations enforced

1st December 2009

What flavours do you get from Lowland whiskies

delicate, malty, citrus

Test your knowledge on the largest export destination for Scotch Whisky in 2022. Find out where this popular spirit was mainly shipped to!

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