Research Designs in Psychology

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17 Questions

What type of research design is used when testing if the kind of music affects the mood of Senior High School students?

Experimental design

What type of research design is most appropriate to measure the level of confidence of HUMSS students and its relationship to their oral performance in class?

Correlational design

Which research design would be suitable to compare the level of environmental awareness between rural and urban Senior High School students while looking for relationships between variables?

Cross-sectional design

What distinguishes experimental design from other research designs?

Manipulates an independent variable

What sets correlational design apart from other research designs?

Examines relationships between variables without manipulation

Which type of research design focuses on observing behavior in its natural setting without intervention or manipulation?

Case study design

What is the purpose of a research design in a study?

To guide the study from sample selection to data collection

Which statement accurately describes Experimental research design?

It assigns variables based on availability in Quasi-Experimental type

What distinguishes Non-Experimental research design from Experimental research design?

Non-Experimental research does not involve variables

In Non-Experimental research design, what are the three types mentioned?

Descriptive, Comparative, Correlational

Which type of research design conducts random assignment on variables?

True Experimental

How is Quasi-Experimental research design different from True Experimental research design?

Quasi-Experimental is based on availability and feasibility for variable assignment

What research design was used to describe the participants' intelligence through their scores in Math?

Descriptive design

Which type of research design was employed to establish a relationship between the participants' Math scores and their attitude?

Correlational design

What role does research design play in a study?

Guiding the selection of the sample and data collection methods

Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a function of research design?

Developing the theoretical framework

Based on the text, what can research design provide for a study?

A framework for conducting the study

Study Notes

Research Design Types

  • To test the effect of music on Senior High School students' mood, a causal-comparative research design would be used.
  • To measure the level of confidence of HUMSS students and its relationship to their oral performance in class, a correlational research design is most appropriate.
  • To compare the level of environmental awareness between rural and urban Senior High School students while looking for relationships between variables, a survey research design would be suitable.

Characteristics of Research Designs

  • Experimental design is distinguished from other research designs by its manipulation of a variable to observe its effect on the outcome.
  • Correlational design is set apart from other research designs by its focus on observing relationships between variables without manipulation.
  • Naturalistic observation design focuses on observing behavior in its natural setting without intervention or manipulation.

Functions of Research Design

  • The purpose of a research design in a study is to ensure the validity and reliability of the findings.
  • Experimental research design involves manipulating one or more variables to observe their effect on the outcome.
  • A Non-Experimental research design does not involve manipulation of variables; instead, it involves observing and analyzing existing data.
  • The three types of Non-Experimental research designs mentioned are surveys, correlational studies, and ex post facto studies.
  • True Experimental research design involves random assignment of participants to groups, whereas Quasi-Experimental research design does not involve random assignment.

Applications of Research Design

  • A descriptive research design was used to describe the participants' intelligence through their scores in Math.
  • A correlational research design was employed to establish a relationship between the participants' Math scores and their attitude.
  • Research design plays a crucial role in a study by ensuring the validity and reliability of the findings.
  • Research design can provide a systematic approach to data collection and analysis for a study.

Learn about different research designs in psychology such as Descriptive and Correlational designs. Understand how research design serves as a framework to guide sample selection and data collection for studies.

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