Requirements of a Professional

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What is a necessary condition for a commitment to be made?

The person making the commitment must do so willingly without duress.

What is the result of entering into a commitment without adequate advance knowledge?

It is highly unprofessional.

What is the meaning of the Latin word 'integratas'?

Entire, undivided, or whole

What is a characteristic of a professional with vision?

They have the capacity to anticipate and make a plan of action.

What is the result of loving what one does?

They do it better than those who do it because they have to.

How many maxims of integrity are necessary for a professional to stay undivided in their beliefs?


What was the original meaning of the word 'profession'?

A commitment to a religious order

What is the primary difference between professionals and skilled laborers?

The knowledge base they possess

What is a characteristic of professional services?

The provider must check with the customer before varying the service

What is a key requirement of a professional?

Having a well-developed knowledge base

What is essential for professionals to provide high-quality services or products?

A set of highly developed skills and deep knowledge

What is another key requirement of a professional?

Observing a code of conduct

What is the key factor that drives children to perform better in a subject in school?

Having a love for the subject

What is the core aspect of commitment according to the definition?

Having a clear vision and love for the work

What is the primary focus of responsibility?

Roles, tasks, and actions and their consequences

What is the essence of accountability?

The obligation to answer for the execution of one's assigned responsibilities

What is the purpose of a set of outcome measures in a profession?

To reliably and objectively evaluate performance

What is the key characteristic of performance standards in a profession?

They are carefully chosen and attainable

What is a key aspect of making ethical decisions?

Considering the probable consequences of an action

What is the goal of whistle-blowing in the workplace?

To expose illegal or mismanaged acts

What is an important step in evaluating an ethical decision?

Assuming responsibility for the consequences

What is the purpose of reengaging in the decision-making process?

To resolve the ethical issue

What is an example of a professional and ethical responsibility?


What is the purpose of evaluating the system within which an issue arose?

To identify and remove the circumstances that facilitate unethical practices

What is a key consideration when formulating hearing procedures?

The hearing process should be as short as possible.

What is a possible sanction that a hearing committee may recommend?

Suspension from the profession at the member's expense.

What is a requirement for probation as a sanction?

The nature, duration, and conditions of the probation must be clearly specified.

What is the purpose of an appeals process in a profession?

To allow sanctioned professionals to appeal the committee's ruling or penalty.

What should the guidelines for the appeals process outline?

The appeal procedure, handling of appeals, attendees, and time limits for filing an appeal.

What decision must the profession make regarding the appealing member's duties?

The profession must decide on a case-by-case basis.

Study Notes


  • Commitment has six characteristics:
    • Made willingly without duress
    • Person responsible tries to meet the commitment, even if help is needed
    • Commitment must be openly and publicly stated
    • Commitment must not be made easily
    • Advance notice must be given if the commitment cannot be met
    • New commitment negotiated if the original commitment cannot be met


  • Integrity means a state of undivided loyalty to self-belief
  • It is characterized by honesty, un-compromising self-value, and incorruptibility
  • Three maxims of integrity:
    • Vision: capacity to anticipate and plan to circumvent obstacles and maximize benefits
    • Love: doing what one is passionate about
    • Commitment: staying undivided in one's beliefs and fulfilling responsibilities

Professional Requirements

  • Three basic requirements:
    • Developed skills and deep knowledge of the domain
    • Observance of a code of conduct
    • Commitment to responsibilities and tasks

Responsibility and Accountability

  • Responsibility: concerns roles, tasks, and actions and their ensuing consequences
  • Accountability: obligation to answer for the execution of one's assigned responsibilities
  • Cycle of accountability: setting goals, planning, reporting progress, evaluating, and making improvements

Ethical Decision-Making

  • Process involves:
    • Examining ethically relevant issues, principles, standards, and practices
    • Determining the different parties involved
    • Deciding on an alternative course of action
    • Considering the probable consequences
    • Consulting with a trusted colleague
    • Reflecting on personal values, biases, beliefs, or self-interests that influenced the decision

Professionalism and Ethical Responsibilities

  • Whistle-blowing: calling attention to illegal or mismanaged acts in the workplace
  • Goal of whistle-blowing: to inform higher authorities or the public
  • Types of whistle-blowing: internal (within organizational channels) or public
  • Sanctions for unethical behavior: probation, revocation of certification, request for resignation, and suspension
  • Appeals process: guidelines for filing an appeal, attendees, and time limits

Discover the three basic professional requirements that have evolved over time, including a set of highly developed skills and deep knowledge of the domain. Learn about the commitment and skills needed to become a professional.

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