Renal Tubule Anatomy Quiz

GloriousPanFlute avatar
GloriousPanFlute
·

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

28 Questions

What is the location of the kidneys in the body?

Retroperitoneal, in the superior lumbar region

Which structure sits atop each kidney?

Adrenal (suprarenal) gland

What is the function of the peri-renal fat capsule around the kidney?

To protect the kidney

What prevents the spread of infection to the kidney from close regions?

Fibrous capsule

Which layer anchors the adrenal gland and kidney to surrounding structures?

Renal fascia

Which part of the body lies lower due to being crowded by the liver?

Right kidney

What is the main function of the proximal convoluted tubule (PCT)?

Reabsorption of water and solutes from filtrate

Which of the following is a characteristic of the distal convoluted tubule (DCT)?

Function mainly in reabsorption

Where are cuboidal cells with dense microvilli that form a brush border found?

Proximal convoluted tubule

Which tubule is responsible for secreting substances more than reabsorption?

Distal convoluted tubule

What is a characteristic of the nephron loop (Loop of Henle)?

The ascending limb is continuous with the proximal tubule

What is the function of the renal arteries?

Cleanse blood and adjust its composition

Which structure empties urine into the renal pelvis?

Minor calyx

How is urine propelled through the walls of the calyces, pelvis, and ureter?

By peristalsis

What anatomical structure is composed of cone-shaped medullary pyramids?

Renal pyramid

How many lobes make up each kidney?

Around eight lobes

What is the function of the renal pelvis?

Collect urine from minor calyces

Where do the collecting ducts deliver urine into?

Minor calyces

Which type of nephrons make up almost 85% of all nephrons in the kidneys?

Cortical nephrons

What is the main function of juxtamedullary nephrons?

Production of concentrated urine

What is the function of the proximal convoluted tubule cells?

Maintain water and Na+ balance

Where are the glomerulus and glomerular capsule located?

Renal cortex

What is the specialized structure present in the renal corpuscle that helps in filtration?

Podocyte

What is the function of peritubular capillaries in the nephron?

Reabsorption of water and solutes

Why is blood pressure high in the glomerulus?

Efferent arterioles are larger in diameter than afferent arterioles

Where do peritubular capillaries arise from?

Efferent arterioles

Which type of nephron is associated with Vasa recta?

Juxtamedullary nephrons

What is the main difference between glomerular capillaries and other capillary beds?

Fed and drained by arterioles

Test your knowledge on the anatomy of the renal tubules, including the proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) and the nephron loop. Learn about the structure, function, and location of these essential components of the kidney.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

23
41 questions

23

MagnificentComet avatar
MagnificentComet
23
24 questions

23

MagnificentComet avatar
MagnificentComet
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser