Reinforcement and Behavior Quiz

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20 Questions

Which type of reinforcer involves giving a pleasant stimulus upon the execution of a desired behavior?

Positive reinforcement

What is the primary purpose of a reinforcer?

To increase the probability of a behavior occurring

Which type of reinforcement involves removing an aversive stimulus following the execution of a desired behavior?

Negative reinforcement

In which type of reinforcement does a pleasant stimulus get added upon executing a desired behavior?

Positive reinforcement

What is the ultimate outcome of using either positive or negative reinforcement?

Increasing the probability of the behavior occurring

In escape conditioning, what type of behavior is continued or increased over time to stop existing and unpleasant stimuli?

Active behavior

Which type of negative reinforcement involves learning to do something to avoid a future aversive stimulus?

Avoidance conditioning

What is the stimulus that is unpleasant and removed upon the execution of a desired behavior?

Negative reinforcement

What type of negative reinforcement involves removing the expectation that a child will take their younger sibling along to an event because they were kind to their sibling?

Avoidance conditioning

In negative reinforcement, what is being removed upon the condition of displaying the desired behavior?

Unpleasant stimulus

What is the primary purpose of punishment in behavior modification?

To decrease the likelihood of the undesired behavior

Which type of punishment involves adding an unpleasant stimulus upon the execution of an undesired behavior?

Type I punishment

What is an example of Type II punishment (Negative punishment)?

Taking away a child's favorite toy for misbehaving

Which statement best describes Type I punishment (Positive punishment)?

It involves adding an unpleasant stimulus upon the execution of an undesired behavior

In behavior modification, what is the primary goal of Type II punishment (Negative punishment)?

To decrease the likelihood of the undesired behavior

What is the role of a primary punisher according to the text?

Threatens physical well-being and survival of the organism

What is the concept of shaping/successive approximations according to the text?

Rewarding each segment of a behavior to gradually change it across successive trials

What is the role of a secondary/conditioned punisher according to the text?

Acquired via classical conditioning

What is the primary purpose of shaping or successive approximations as mentioned in the text?

Gradually changing a behavior with rewards

What is the idea behind escape conditioning?

Learning to do something to avoid a current aversive stimulus

Test your knowledge on reinforcers, the stimuli/events that increase the likelihood of a behavior occurring. Understand the concept of reinforcement as a tool to shape behavior through conditioning, and distinguish between positive and negative reinforcement.

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