RAWS Reviewer MQE: Evaluative Statements and Formulating Assertions

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24 Questions

What term refers to a word or phrase that minimizes the negative impact of criticism?

Hedges

Which type of evidence is considered immeasurable or unspecific in a text?

Subjective evidence

What is the purpose of formulating counterclaims in response to claims made in a text?

To oppose or offset the claims presented by the writer

Which type of evidence provides specific information such as scores, quantities, and percentages?

Objective evidence

In the context of using textual evidence, what role does subjective evidence play?

It is intangible and immeasurable

Which of the following would be an example of a counterclaim?

Expressing doubt about why an animal that chews cud all day is considered sacred

What is the main purpose of formulating evaluative statements?

To make judgments based on knowledge or experiences

Which type of assertion relies on existing laws, rules, and customs for its validity?

Convention

What distinguishes a preference assertion from other types of assertions?

It is subjective in nature

How does one assess the overall quality of a text when formulating assertions?

By making inferences or conclusions

Which statement best describes the process of evaluating text?

Assessing the validity of the writer's ideas

In formulating assertions, what distinguishes fact assertions from opinion assertions?

Facts can be easily verified, opinions are harder to verify

What type of evidence is considered the strongest among the others due to containing factual statements?

Statistical evidence

Which type of evidence presents a comparison of two different things to prove a certain point?

Analogical evidence

Which type of evidence usually includes authorized and professional testimonies on a certain topic?

Testimonial evidence

What is the primary purpose of writing a book review according to the text?

To determine if a book is interesting and worthwhile

Why is analogical evidence considered the weakest among the types mentioned in the text?

It only shows a parallel between two things without serving as hard proof

In what ways do good book reviews and article critiques benefit readers and researchers according to the text?

By determining book interest and providing reliable information about articles

What is the main purpose of a Book Review?

Analyze the quality, content, delivery, and significance of a book

What is a key factor to consider when writing an Article Critique?

Presenting evidence to support claims

What is advised NOT to be done in a Book Review according to the text?

Provide a mere summary of the book

In writing an Article Critique, what is important about the theoretical assumptions and main arguments of the article?

Identifying their contributions to the overall topic discussed

What distinguishes a Book Review from merely summarizing a book?

Analyzing the quality, content, and significance of the book

What should be the main focus of an Article Critique according to the text?

Evidence to support claims and counterclaims

Study Notes

Formulating Evaluative Statements

  • Evaluative statements involve making judgments based on knowledge or experiences to come up with valid answers to questions about the text.
  • Evaluative statements are formed by reasoning out one's own beliefs according to their own set of criteria through critical reading.

Evaluating Text

  • Assessing the degree to which the writer's ideas are valid.
  • Evaluating text involves critical reading and making judgments based on knowledge or experiences.

Assertions

  • Statements declared to express someone's side or belief on a certain idea and are backed up by evidence.
  • Types of assertions:
    • Fact: Can be easily verified through various sources.
    • Convention: Socially accepted at a certain place and time, dependent on existing laws, rules, and norms.
    • Opinion: Must have facts as its foundation, commonly open to arguments.
    • Preference: Very subjective, based on personal choice, and does not require evidence or proof.

Formulating Assertions

  • Steps to formulate assertions:
    • Examine which ideas are facts and which are opinions.
    • Make inferences or conclusions.
    • Assess the overall quality of the text.

Types of Textual Evidence

  • Types of textual evidence:
    • Statistical evidence: Data that presents numbers to prove a point, strongest among the rest of evidence.
    • Testimonial evidence: Data that presents authorized and professional testimonies.
    • Anecdotal evidence: Data that presents a person's experience or observation, used with another type of evidence to support the observation.
    • Analogical evidence: Data that presents a comparison of two different things to prove a point, weakest among the rest of evidence.

Writing a Good Book Review

  • Tips for writing a good book review:
    • Be honest.
    • Focus on the book and not on the author.
    • Review the content of the book, not the cover.
    • Do not provide a mere summary of the book.
    • Do not be a spoiler.
    • Be specific.
  • Factors to consider in writing a book review or article critique:
    • Unique features of the text.
    • Purpose and audience.
    • Pattern of development.

Book Review

  • A thorough and critical analysis of the quality, content, way of delivery, and significance of a book.
  • Main purpose is to provide extensive information about a book to help readers decide whether it is worth reading.

Article Critique

  • An evaluation of a scientific or literary piece by discussing its purpose, main idea, and arguments.
  • Main purpose is to identify the article's background, purpose, and main idea or message.
  • General guidelines in writing an article critique:
    • Cite the specific topic of the article.
    • Identify the purpose of the article and for whom it is written.
    • Know the article's theoretical assumptions and main arguments.
    • Formulate counterclaims in response to the claims made in the text.

Counterclaims

  • Claims made to offset or oppose the claims presented in a text.
  • Must be supported by evidence to be solid enough to disprove or rebut the claims presented by the writer.

Hedges

  • Refers to a word or phrase that minimizes the negative impact of criticism.
  • May come in forms of modals, adverbs of frequency, and adverbs of probability.

Determining Textual Evidence

  • Textual evidence is a piece of information that an author or content creator uses to support their idea or opinion.
  • Helps students to prove their point and make their argument stronger in the classroom.
  • In using textual evidence, you have to make sure that you cite both the objective and subjective evidence.
  • Subjective evidence is textual evidence that is immeasurable or unspecific.

This quiz covers the process of formulating evaluative statements, making judgments based on knowledge or experiences, and drawing conclusions to provide valid answers. It also explores the concept of evaluative statements, reasoning out beliefs using personal criteria, evaluating text validity, and formulating assertions.

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