Mahatma Gandhi's Life and Legacy

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What year did Mahatma Gandhi become the leader of the Indian National Congress?

What was the indirect goal of Gandhi's last hunger strike, which began in Delhi on January 12, 1948?

When did Gandhi die?


  • Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Gujarat, India.
  • He trained as a lawyer and moved to South Africa in 1893 to represent an Indian merchant.
  • He started using nonviolent resistance against British rule in 1915.
  • In 1921, he became the leader of the Indian National Congress and led nationwide campaigns for improving the conditions of the poor, ending discrimination, and achieving self-rule.
  • In 1947, Britain granted independence to India and the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two dominions.
  • Gandhi attempted to alleviate distress in the months following independence by undertaking several hunger strikes.
  • The last of these, begun in Delhi on January 12, 1948, had the indirect goal of pressuring India to pay out some cash assets owed to Pakistan.
  • Gandhi died on January 30, 1948 in India.


Test your knowledge about the life and achievements of Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of the Indian independence movement and pioneer of nonviolent resistance. Learn about his early life, struggles against British rule, and efforts to improve the conditions of the poor in India.

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