Parasitology 1

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Cure Rate refers to the number (%) of previously + subjects found to be egg negative on examination of a stool or urine sample using standard procedure at a set time after ________

deworming

Egg Reduction Rate (ERR) is the % fall in egg counts after deworming based on examination of stool or urine sample using standard procedure at a set time after the ________

treatment

Morbidity control is achieved by periodically deworming people known to be high risk of ________

morbidity

Epidemiology is the study of patterns, distribution, and the occurrence of a disease. It focuses on the ________ of a disease.

incidence

Each Phylum is divided into classes, which is further subdivided into order, family, genera, and ________.

species

Scientific names are latinized; Family names are formed by adding ________ to the stem of the genus type.

-idea

Generic name is consist of a single word written in initial capital letter, Specific name always begins with a small letter. Names of Genera and ________ are italicized or underlined when written.

species

Most parasitic organisms attain sexual maturity in their ________ hosts.

definitive

Intensity of Infection (Worm Burden) is measured by the number of worms per infected person. It is also known as ________ of Infection.

worm burden

Universal Treatment – population-level deworming which the community is treated irrespective of age, sex, infection status or other social ______

characteristics

Coverage – refers to the proportion of the target reached by an ______

intervention

Drug Resistance – genetically transmitted loss of susceptibility to a drug in a worm population that was previously sensitive to the appropriate therapeutic ______

dose

Efficacy – effect of drug against ineffective agent in ideal experimental conditions and isolated from any ______

context

Medical Parasitology is concerned with animal parasites of humans and their medical significance, as well as their importance in human communities. It focuses on the study of parasites that infect ______.

humans

Tropical Medicine deals with tropical diseases and special medical problems of tropical regions. It is a branch of ______.

medicine

An endoparasite lives ______ the body of a host.

inside

An ectoparasite lives ______ the body of a host.

outside

Obligate Parasites need a host at some stage of their life cycle to complete their development and propagate their species. They are also known as ______ Parasites.

obligate

A symbiotic relationship where two species live together and one benefits without harming the other is known as ______.

commensalism

Parasitism is a biological relationship where one organism lives in or on another, depending on the latter for survival and usually at the expense of the host. The organism living on the host is called a ______.

parasite

A permanent parasite lives inside the host throughout its life, while a temporary parasite stays for a ______ period of time.

short

A definitive or final host is where the parasite attains ______ maturity.

sexual

A carrier harbors a particular pathogen without showing any signs or symptoms, acting as a potential source of ______.

infection

Exposure is the process of inoculating an infectious agent, while infection connotes the establishment of an infective agent in the ______.

host

Superinfection or hyper-infection occurs when an already infected individual is further infected with the same species, leading to massive infection with the ______.

parasite

Test your knowledge on public health interventions like universal treatment, coverage, drug resistance, and efficacy. Learn about population-level deworming, reaching the target population, genetic transmission of drug resistance, and the effectiveness of drugs.

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