Prejudice and Stereotypes Quiz

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By PeerlessSnail

Quiz

Flashcards

77 Questions

What do stereotypes save according to the text?

What does illusory correlation lead individuals to assume?

According to Tajfel (1981), what are stereotypes based on?

What type of information do individuals tend to pay more attention to, according to Cohen (1981) and Crisp & Turner (2014)?

According to Social Identity Theory, what comprises our self-image?

What did Lemyre and Smith (1985) demonstrate about intergroup discrimination and self-esteem?

What is out-group homogeneity?

What is the consequence of stereotype threat?

How can prejudice be reduced according to Allport (1954)?

What did the Robbers Cave Experiment demonstrate about reducing group differences?

According to Social Identity Theory, what reduces prejudice and hostile attitudes towards the out-group?

What phenomenon does social categorization lead to?

What is prejudice?

What is the Implicit Association Test (IAT) used for?

What did Adorno et al. propose the existence of?

What is social dominance orientation aimed to measure?

What did Tajfel et al.'s minimal group experiments demonstrate?

What does social identity theory explain?

Match the following concepts with their descriptions:

Match the following researchers with their proposed measurements of prejudice:

Match the following concepts with their explanations:

Match the following researchers with their contributions to the study of stereotypes:

Match the following concepts with their characteristics:

Match the following phenomena with their effects:

Match the following researchers with their findings:

Match the following researchers with their findings:

Match the following concepts with their descriptions:

Match the following experiments with their findings:

Match the following researchers with their proposed theories:

What do stereotypes save, according to the text?

What do illusory correlations lead individuals to assume?

What do stereotypes make us generalize and miss between members of a group?

According to Tajfel (1981), what are stereotypes based on?

What does out-group homogeneity reflect?

What did Lemyre and Smith (1985) demonstrate about intergroup discrimination and self-esteem?

What did the Robbers Cave Experiment demonstrate about reducing group differences?

What is the consequence of stereotype threat?

What does Social Identity Theory propose as a way to reduce prejudice?

What did Allport (1954) propose as a way to reduce prejudice?

What phenomenon does social categorization lead to?

How did Sherif make both groups, the Rattlers and the Eagles, work together in the Robbers Cave Experiment?

What is prejudice?

What is the Implicit Association Test (IAT) used for?

What is racism based on?

What did Tajfel et al.'s minimal group experiments demonstrate?

What is the consequence of stereotype threat?

What did Adorno et al. propose the existence of?

What does social identity theory explain?

What is the desire to dominate lower status groups and preference for hierarchy measured by?

What do stereotypes make us generalize and miss between members of a group?

What is the impact of social norms on prejudice?

What phenomenon does social categorization lead to?

What comprises our self-image according to Social Identity Theory?

What did Fiske and Taylor (1991) argue about social schemas and prototypes?

What biases are stereotypes subject to, according to the text?

According to Tajfel (1981), what are stereotypes based on?

What type of information do individuals tend to pay more attention to, according to Cohen (1981) and Crisp & Turner (2014)?

What are the conditions that make contact between different groups effective in reducing prejudice, according to Social Identity Theory?

What did Sherif's Robbers Cave Experiment demonstrate about reducing group differences?

What did Allport (1954) propose as a way to reduce prejudice?

What is out-group homogeneity, according to the text?

What is the consequence of stereotype threat, as discussed in the text?

What does Social Identity Theory propose as a way to maintain a positive self-image?

What did Lemyre and Smith (1985) demonstrate about intergroup discrimination and self-esteem?

What is the impact of social norms on out-group homogeneity, as mentioned in the text?

Explain the difference between explicit attitudes and implicit attitudes towards other social groups.

What is the Implicit Association Test (IAT) used for?

Describe the concept of social dominance orientation proposed by Sidanius.

According to Adorno et al., what did they propose the existence of that makes people more likely to be prejudiced or hostile towards specific ethnic groups?

What is the impact of social norms on prejudice according to the text?

What is the role of cognitive loop in strengthening existing prejudice?

Explain the difference between racism and sexism in terms of the basis of prejudice.

What is the main focus of most social psychological research in relation to prejudice?

What is the significance of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) in understanding attitudes towards social groups?

How do social norms compare to individual factors in their impact on prejudice according to the text?

What is the explanation given for people holding prejudiced thoughts and feelings but not publicly acting upon them?

According to Rokeach's theory, what does it measure and what is its aim?

Summary

Understanding Prejudice and Stereotypes

  • Prejudice is a positive or negative attitude towards a person based on their group membership, with most focus on negative attitudes.
  • People may hold prejudiced thoughts and feelings without publicly acting on them due to social unacceptability.
  • Cognitive loops can strengthen existing prejudice by reinforcing beliefs about particular groups.
  • Racism is prejudice based on ethnic group membership, while sexism is based on gender.
  • Implicit attitudes, triggered automatically, can be measured using the Implicit Association Test (IAT).
  • Adorno et al. proposed the existence of an authoritarian personality type linked to prejudice, measured by the "Fascism scale" (F scale).
  • Rokeach's theory of the open and closed mind aimed to measure dogmatism, allowing for high scores across political spectrums.
  • Sidanius proposed the concept of social dominance orientation, measuring the desire to dominate lower status groups and preference for hierarchy.
  • Social norms have a greater impact on prejudice than individual factors, and prejudicial attitudes are specific to certain minority groups.
  • Intergroup conflict often arises from fights over scarce resources, leading to prejudice and hostility.
  • Tajfel et al.'s minimal group experiments demonstrated that the mere categorization of individuals into groups leads to negative out-group attitudes and positive in-group biases.
  • Social identity theory explains the phenomenon of in-group and out-group biases fostered by the existence of two groups.

Understanding Prejudice and Stereotypes

  • Prejudice is a positive or negative attitude towards a person based on their group membership, with most focus on negative attitudes.
  • People may hold prejudiced thoughts and feelings without publicly acting on them due to social unacceptability.
  • Cognitive loops can strengthen existing prejudice by reinforcing beliefs about particular groups.
  • Racism is prejudice based on ethnic group membership, while sexism is based on gender.
  • Implicit attitudes, triggered automatically, can be measured using the Implicit Association Test (IAT).
  • Adorno et al. proposed the existence of an authoritarian personality type linked to prejudice, measured by the "Fascism scale" (F scale).
  • Rokeach's theory of the open and closed mind aimed to measure dogmatism, allowing for high scores across political spectrums.
  • Sidanius proposed the concept of social dominance orientation, measuring the desire to dominate lower status groups and preference for hierarchy.
  • Social norms have a greater impact on prejudice than individual factors, and prejudicial attitudes are specific to certain minority groups.
  • Intergroup conflict often arises from fights over scarce resources, leading to prejudice and hostility.
  • Tajfel et al.'s minimal group experiments demonstrated that the mere categorization of individuals into groups leads to negative out-group attitudes and positive in-group biases.
  • Social identity theory explains the phenomenon of in-group and out-group biases fostered by the existence of two groups.

Understanding Prejudice and Stereotypes

  • Prejudice is a positive or negative attitude towards a person based on their group membership, with most focus on negative attitudes.
  • People may hold prejudiced thoughts and feelings without publicly acting on them due to social unacceptability.
  • Cognitive loops can strengthen existing prejudice by reinforcing beliefs about particular groups.
  • Racism is prejudice based on ethnic group membership, while sexism is based on gender.
  • Implicit attitudes, triggered automatically, can be measured using the Implicit Association Test (IAT).
  • Adorno et al. proposed the existence of an authoritarian personality type linked to prejudice, measured by the "Fascism scale" (F scale).
  • Rokeach's theory of the open and closed mind aimed to measure dogmatism, allowing for high scores across political spectrums.
  • Sidanius proposed the concept of social dominance orientation, measuring the desire to dominate lower status groups and preference for hierarchy.
  • Social norms have a greater impact on prejudice than individual factors, and prejudicial attitudes are specific to certain minority groups.
  • Intergroup conflict often arises from fights over scarce resources, leading to prejudice and hostility.
  • Tajfel et al.'s minimal group experiments demonstrated that the mere categorization of individuals into groups leads to negative out-group attitudes and positive in-group biases.
  • Social identity theory explains the phenomenon of in-group and out-group biases fostered by the existence of two groups.

Understanding Prejudice and Stereotypes

  • Prejudice is a positive or negative attitude towards a person based on their group membership.
  • Most social psychological research has focused on negative attitudes associated with prejudice.
  • People may hold prejudiced thoughts and feelings but not publicly act upon them due to social unacceptability.
  • Cognitive loop strengthens existing prejudice by confirming beliefs about a particular group.
  • Racism is prejudice based on ethnic group membership; sexism is prejudice based on gender.
  • Explicit attitudes towards other social groups can be consciously controlled, while implicit attitudes are triggered automatically and cannot be controlled.
  • The Implicit Association Test (IAT) measures implicit attitudes towards social groups.
  • Adorno et al. proposed the existence of an authoritarian personality type that makes people more likely to be prejudiced or hostile towards specific ethnic groups.
  • Rokeach's theory measures dogmatism and aims to allow for high-scoring individuals from either the right or the left wing.
  • Sidanius proposed the concept of social dominance orientation, where people differ in their desire to dominate lower status groups and their preference for a hierarchy in society.
  • Social norms have a greater impact on prejudice than individual factors.
  • Intergroup conflict often emerges from fights over scarce resources, leading to prejudice and hostility.

Description

Test your knowledge of prejudice and stereotypes with this quiz. Explore topics such as the nature of prejudice, cognitive processes that reinforce stereotypes, and influential theories like social identity theory and the authoritarian personality. Challenge your understanding of implicit attitudes, intergroup conflict, and the impact of social norms on prejudicial attitudes.

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