Positive Psychology: Nature, Scope, and Purpose

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18 Questions

According to Sheldon et al. (1999), positive psychology should consider optimal functioning at how many levels?

Seven levels

From the history of positive psychology, what did Aristotle clarify in Book I of the Nicomachean Ethics?

The pursuit of good as a universal goal

In the context of positive psychology, what is meant by 'teleological goals'?

Setting goals for future achievements

What did the basic assumptions of positive psychology by Seligman (2002) state about character?

Character comes in two forms - bad and good virtuous character

According to the manifesto mentioned, what is the core human nature perspective that change toward something good comprises?

Optimal functioning or perfectionism

In which foundation of positive psychology did Aristotle describe growth or change as the fundamental dimension?

Aristotelian Foundation

Which philosophy advocated for the 'greatest good for the greatest number of people'?


According to William James, when do emotions occur?

After physically acting out

What is the main focus of Humanistic Psychology?

Fulfilling human potential through internal motivation

How many categories were included in the tool created by Utilitarianism to measure happiness?


What does Existential Psychology frequently draw on in positive psychology?

Existential thinkers, themes, and terminology

According to Utilitarianism, what is the right act or policy for government based on?

'The greatest good for the greatest number of people'

According to Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi (2000), what critique did they have of contemporary psychology?

It focuses too much on pathology, faults, and dysfunctions.

What does positive psychology aim to revitalize, according to Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi (2000)?

Positive subjective experiences

According to Seligman (2002a), why is character essential in understanding human behavior?

Science needs to prioritize character in studying human behavior.

What does positive psychology aim to study?

Optimal functioning and thriving

In the context of positive psychology, what does 'optimal functioning' refer to?

Reaching the highest potential in various areas of life

Why did Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi (2000) argue for the need of positive psychology?

To revitalize positive subjective experiences and virtues in psychology.

Explore the historical, philosophical, and epistemological perspectives of positive psychology, including viewpoints from Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi. Learn about the purpose of positive psychology as a corrective to the pathology-focused mainstream psychology.

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