Personality Trait Theories: Gordon Allport, Cattell, Big Five, MBTI, Eysenck

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9 Questions

According to Gordon Allport, which type of traits are defined as dominant and defining traits?

Cardinal traits

What did Raymond Cattell identify as primary factors of personality?

16 personality factors

Which type of traits are characterized as situational and less consistent according to Gordon Allport?

Secondary traits

What method did Raymond Cattell use to understand individual differences in personality?

Factor analysis

Which of the following is NOT one of the Big Five Personality Traits?

Creativity

Who developed the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)?

Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers

Which personality type classification system is based on four dichotomies?

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)

Which dimension is NOT proposed by Eysenck's Three Dimensions?

Conscientiousness

Which of the following is a key concept of Conscientiousness in the Big Five Personality Traits?

Organization

Study Notes

Gordon Allport's Contributions

  • According to Gordon Allport, central traits are defined as dominant and defining traits.
  • Peripheral traits are characterized as situational and less consistent according to Gordon Allport.

Raymond Cattell's Contributions

  • Raymond Cattell identified 16 primary factors of personality.
  • Cattell used factor analysis to understand individual differences in personality.

Big Five Personality Traits

  • The Big Five Personality Traits do not include introversion as one of the dimensions.
  • Conscientiousness is a key concept of the Big Five Personality Traits, which involves being organized, responsible, and dependable.

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)

  • The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) was developed by Isabel Briggs Myers and Katharine Cook Briggs.

Personality Type Classification Systems

  • The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is based on four dichotomies: Extraversion vs. Introversion, Sensing vs. Intuition, Thinking vs. Feeling, and Judging vs. Perceiving.

Eysenck's Three Dimensions

  • Eysenck's Three Dimensions do not include Conscientiousness as a proposed dimension.

Explore the enduring patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that distinguish individuals from one another through the personality trait theories of Gordon Allport, Raymond Cattell, the Big Five, Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), and Hans Eysenck.

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