Oral Communication: Communicative Strategy Definition

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According to Cohen (2004), what is a communicative strategy?

A systematic attempt by the learner to express meaning by a target language in which suitable systematic rules have not been formed.

What is the definition of communicative strategy according to Poulisse (1989)?

Strategies that a speaker uses to solve communication problems caused by lack of appropriate forms in the mental-lexical.

What did Stem (1983) define communicative strategy as?

Techniques of dealing with difficulties in communicating in an imperfectly known second or foreign language.

As per Corder (1978), what is a communicative strategy?

A systematic technique employed by a speaker to express his own idea when faced with some difficulties.

What is nomination as a type of communicative strategy?

Starting off with news inquiries and news announcements to open a conversation topic.

What problem does a communicative strategy aim to solve?

Lack of appropriate forms in the mental-lexical.

What is the primary idea behind Turn-Taking in communication?

To give all communicators a chance to speak

What does Topic Control cover in a conversation?

How procedural formality or informality affects the development of the topic

What does Restriction in communication refer to?

Limitation a speaker may have

What is the purpose of keeping the conversational environment open for opinions until the prior topic shuts down easily?

To initiate a smooth end of the topic

What is the key idea behind Topic Shifting in communication?

To send comprehensive details and information regarding the topic to address a certain communication breakdown

How does Turn-Taking acknowledge the necessity of observing the fine art of conversation?

By giving all communicators a chance to speak when it is their turn

What is the code of behavior behind establishing and sustaining a productive conversation?

Acknowledging others by employing visual signals like nods

What is achieved cooperatively when a topic is initiated?

Collectively developing the topic by avoiding unnecessary interruptions and topic shifts

What does Turn-Taking pertain to in communication?

Observing someone's need to speak when it is his/her turn

How does Restriction in communication confine a speaker?

By confining instructions that limit what can be said

Study Notes

Communicative Strategies

  • A communicative strategy is a plan or approach to overcome communication difficulties (Cohen, 2004)
  • According to Poulisse (1989), a communicative strategy is a potentially conscious or unconscious process to compensate for a lack of linguistic or sociolinguistic knowledge
  • Stem (1983) defined a communicative strategy as a speaker's attempt to convey meaning despite linguistic limitations

Nomination

  • Nomination is a type of communicative strategy where a speaker assigns a title or label to an object or concept to facilitate communication

Problem-Solving

  • A communicative strategy aims to solve the problem of conveying meaning effectively despite linguistic or sociolinguistic limitations

Turn-Taking and Conversation

  • The primary idea behind Turn-Taking in communication is to acknowledge the necessity of observing the fine art of conversation
  • Turn-Taking pertains to the process of exchanging speaking roles in a conversation
  • Topic Control covers the management of topics in a conversation
  • Restriction in communication refers to the limitations or boundaries imposed on a speaker
  • Restriction in communication confines a speaker by limiting their freedom to express themselves

Conversational Environment

  • The purpose of keeping the conversational environment open for opinions until the prior topic shuts down easily is to achieve a cooperative and productive conversation
  • Topic Shifting in communication involves moving from one topic to another
  • The code of behavior behind establishing and sustaining a productive conversation involves respecting the turn-taking process and avoiding restrictions

Cooperative Communication

  • When a topic is initiated, it is achieved cooperatively through effective communication and turn-taking

Test your understanding of communicative strategy, which involves the use of different strategies by a speaker to solve communication problems. This quiz explores the various definitions and approaches to communicative strategy in oral communication.

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