NMT100: Traditional Chinese Medicine - Lecture 4 The Vital Substances

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30 Questions

Which bodily fluid functions to moisten skin, muscles, organs, mucous membranes, and orifices?


Which organ supports keeping Blood in its place?


What is the main function of Wei Qi?

Defends against external pathogens

Where does fluid metabolism begin in the body?


What does Essence (Jing) refer to in the context provided?

'Essence' refers to the vital substance

What is the primary function of Wei Qi in Traditional Chinese Medicine?

Defending the body from exterior attacks

Which type of Qi is rooted in the Kidneys and is responsible for the Zang-Fu activity in the body?

Yuan Qi

What is the function of Food Qi (Gu Qi) according to Traditional Chinese Medicine?

First 'rotted and ripened' in the Stomach

What is the role of Zong Qi in Traditional Chinese Medicine?

Nourishing the organs

Which type of Qi needs to be supplemented by food essence and can be depleted by factors like excess activity and prolonged illness?

Yuan Qi

At what age does the prenatal Essence from parents nourish the developing embryo?

8 years

Which age marks the peak of growth with strong tendons and bones, and wisdom teeth coming in?

32 years

When does the Yang Qi become exhausted, resulting in darkening of the face and whitening of the hair?

56 years

Which age signifies the end of appearance and body vitality due to weak Liver Essence and little semen?

64 years

What age marks the ascendance of Essence with teeth changes and hair growth in women?

7 years

What symptom is associated with Empty Heat in Traditional Chinese Medicine?

Desire to drink in small sips

Which symptom is indicative of Full Heat according to the provided text?

High fever

In tongue diagnosis in Traditional Chinese Medicine, what would a tongue with a red and yellow coating indicate?

Heat and Dampness

What is a common symptom associated with Cold symptoms in Traditional Chinese Medicine?

Absence of thirst

Which pulse would be characteristic of Empty-Cold in Traditional Chinese Medicine?

Floating empty rapid

Which symptoms are typically associated with Summer Heat in Traditional Chinese Medicine?

Aversion to heat, sweating, dry lips, and irritability

What is a common characteristic of internal dryness due to Yin deficiency in Traditional Chinese Medicine?

Scanty dark urine and dry lips

When examining a patient with Summer Heat condition, what might be observed on the tongue according to Traditional Chinese Medicine?

Red on the sides and tip

Which pulse quality is most likely to be felt in a patient experiencing Summer Heat according to Traditional Chinese Medicine?


Which symptom is NOT typically associated with Dampness in Traditional Chinese Medicine?

Sweating without relief

Which type of Qi deficiency is characterized by bright pale face, cold limbs, absence of thirst, desire for hot drinks, and frequent pale urination?

Empty Yang

In Traditional Chinese Medicine, which of the following is a characteristic of EXCESS conditions?

Pain that is acute in onset

A patient presents with pain that worsens with pressure, a full pulse, and a thick white tongue coating. What kind of condition might this indicate?

Heat symptoms

Which of the following symptoms is NOT typically associated with Cold symptoms in Traditional Chinese Medicine?

Heat in the afternoon

A patient presents with dampness symptoms such as fatigue, loose stools, and a thick white tongue coating. Which of the following would be a common misconception about this patient's condition?

"The patient has a strong voice."

Explore the essential concepts of Traditional Chinese Medicine as discussed in Lecture 4, focusing on the vital substances Qi, Blood, Body Fluids, and Essence. Gain insights into the functions of Qi in promoting growth and development, maintaining warmth, defending the body, and more.

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