Neonatal Eye and Ear Assessment

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18 Questions

What does the absence of red reflex in the eye of a newborn indicate?

Congenital cataract or retinoblastoma

During the PERRLA examination, what does the 'P' stand for?

Pupil

What is the cause of Ophthalmia neonatorum in newborns?

Neisseria gonococcus

What is the significance of low set ears in a newborn?

Down syndrome

What does the presence of nasal flaring in a newborn indicate?

Respiratory distress

What is the term used to describe urethral opening on the dorsal surface of the penis?

Epispadias

Which ear abnormality is described as 'small ear pinna'?

Microtia

Which condition is characterized by undescended testes in males?

Cryptorchidism

What is the term for the inflammation of the umbilical cord in newborns?

Omphalitis

In newborn females, what may be present due to withdrawal of maternal hormones?

Pseudomenstruation

What is assessed in newborns to detect any lateral deviation of the spine?

Scoliosis

Which condition may be suspected if there is an absence of meconium within 24 hours after birth?

Congenital Abnormality

What is the function of the fontanelles in newborns?

To allow for brain growth

Which fontanelle is diamond-shaped and fuses around 12 to 18 months of age?

Anterior fontanelle

What is the significance of cephalhematoma in newborns?

It is due to improper venous drainage

Which fontanelle is triangular-shaped and typically fuses at around 6 weeks of age?

Posterior fontanelle

What is Caput succedaneum in newborns and how long does it typically take to resolve?

Fluid accumulation between periosteum and bone

What is the cause of fontanelles in newborns being wide gaps between sutures?

To allow for skull expansion during birth

Learn about the importance of assessing a newborn's eye and ear health, including common infections and examinations such as PERRLA. Understand how to identify signs of infection and weakness in extraocular muscles.

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