Microbiology: Bacteria, Prokaryotic Organisms, and Viruses

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17 Questions

Which of the following organisms replicate only inside an infected host cell?

Viruses

Which kingdom contains prokaryotic organisms?

Kingdom Eubacteria

What is a common feature of the structure of a 'Virus Particle'?

Surrounded or coated by a protein shell (capsid)

Which kingdom do prokaryotic organisms belong to?

Monera

What are the two main types of organisms based on cell structure?

Eukaryotic and prokaryotic

What distinguishes eukaryotic cells from prokaryotic cells?

Presence of a membrane-bound nucleus

Where is the DNA located in prokaryotic cells?

Within a specialized region of the cytoplasm called the nucleoid region

What is a key characteristic that distinguishes eukaryotic cells from prokaryotic cells?

Presence of an internal membrane system

What is the main reason specialized regions for respiration and photosynthesis are not present in prokaryotic cells?

The plasma membrane mediates these processes without specialized regions

Where is the DNA located in prokaryotic cells?

Located within the nucleoid region

Which of the following organisms are classified as eukaryotic microorganisms?

Protozoa and algae

In which kingdom would you classify organisms with no membrane-bound nucleus and DNA located within a nucleoid region?

Monera

Which of the following statements is true about viruses?

They replicate only inside an infected host cell

What is a distinguishing feature of the structure of a 'Virus Particle'?

It is surrounded by a protein shell (capsid)

Which kingdom do prokaryotic organisms belong to?

Kingdom Archaeobacteria/Archaea

How do viruses replicate?

Via a process of attachment, penetration, and synthesis of viral protein and nucleic acid

Which term is often used interchangeably with 'prokaryotic cell'?

Bacterial cell

Test your knowledge of microbiology with this quiz covering bacteria, prokaryotic organisms, and viruses. Explore the structure of a virus particle and learn about non-living microorganisms such as viruses.

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