Medical-Surgical Nursing 2nd Year 1st Semester Quiz

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13 Questions

Which of the following is NOT a method of regulating the body's fluid composition and volume?

Plasma donation

What is the process by which solutes move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration?

Diffusion

Which condition is characterized by an abnormally low level of sodium in the blood?

Hyponatremia

What is the primary organ responsible for regulating the body's fluid composition and volume?

Kidneys

Which respiratory disorder is characterized by inflammation of the air sacs in one or both lungs, often caused by bacterial infection?

Pneumonia

What is the condition characterized by an abnormal increase in potassium levels in the blood?

Hyperkalemia

Which fluid compartment consists of the fluid within the blood vessels?

Extracellular fluid

What is the smallest division of the extracellular fluid compartment?

Cerebrospinal fluids

Which factor affects fluid and electrolyte balance due to its impact on metabolic needs and functional losses?

Physical factors

What process involves the movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to one of lower concentration?

Diffusion

Which process involves the movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel membrane due to hydrostatic pressure difference?

Filtration

What is the main function of water in maintaining body temperature regulation?

Through evaporation and perspiration

Which body component contains less water than muscle tissue?

Adipose tissue

Test your knowledge on medical-surgical nursing topics including Fluids balance, Electrolytes Balance, Respiratory disorders (Pneumonia, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), and Cardiovascular and Circulatory Function (Rheumatic fever, heart failure). This quiz is prepared by Dr. Asmaa Abouda Soultan, Assistant Professor of Medical Surgical Nursing at Damietta University Faculty of Nursing.

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