Medical-Surgical Nursing 2nd Year First Semester Quiz

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16 Questions

Which of the following is responsible for regulating the body's fluid composition and volume?

Kidneys, lungs, and endocrine glands

Which imbalance is characterized by an excess of sodium in the body?

Hypernatremia

What is the process by which molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration?

Diffusion

Which organ plays a key role in filtering waste products from the blood and maintaining fluid balance in the body?

Kidneys

In which disorder does the heart fail to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs?

Heart failure

Which condition is characterized by a deficiency of potassium in the body?

Hypokalemia

What is the main function of water in the body?

Maintaining body temperature regulation

Which of the following is NOT a factor affecting fluid and electrolyte balance in the body?

Race

Where is the smallest division of the extracellular fluid compartment found?

Transcellular space

What is the primary factor leading to movement of molecules in diffusion?

Concentration of solute

Which process involves the movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel membrane due to hydrostatic pressure difference?

Filtration

What is the primary fluid compartment contained within cells?

Intracellular fluid

Which group typically requires more fluids than adults due to their higher body water content?

Infants and young children

What does adipose tissue contain less of compared to muscle tissue?

Water

What is the primary component of the intravascular space within the body?

Plasma

Which of the following is NOT a process involved in fluid & electrolyte balance?

Osmosis

Test your knowledge on medical-surgical nursing topics including fluids balance, electrolytes balance, respiratory disorders like pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular and circulatory functions such as rheumatic fever and heart failure.

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