Medical Quiz: Diseases, Fractures, and Neoplasms

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36 Questions

Which disease closely resembles tuberculosis both clinically and histologically?

Histoplasmosis

Which of the following is NOT a complication that may occur as a result of a fracture?

Crush syndrome

What is a malignant neoplasm of glandular epithelium called?

Adenocarcinoma

Which of the following neoplasms is malignant?

Neuroblastoma

What is the change from columnar epithelium to squamous epithelium called?

Metaplasia

Which condition involves the loss of cellular and organizational differentiation that tends to parallel the degree of malignancy?

Anaplasia

What disease closely resembles tuberculosis both clinically and histologically?

Histoplasmosis

Which of the following is NOT a complication that may occur as a result of a fracture?

Crush syndrome

What is a malignant neoplasm of glandular epithelium called?

Adenocarcinoma

Which of the following neoplasms is malignant?

Neuroblastoma

A change from columnar epithelium to squamous epithelium may occur in chronic inflammations or vitamin A deficiency; this is called:

Metaplasia

Which condition involves the loss of cellular and organizational differentiation that tends to parallel the degree of malignancy?

Anaplasia

Which of the following organs is most seriously affected in congestive heart disease due to the decreased blood supply that ensues?

Lungs

Which condition involves a degeneration of the epithelium of the respiratory and digestive tracts and certain glands due to avitaminosis A or vitamin A deficiency?

A degeneration of the epithelium of the respiratory and digestive tracts and certain glands

In diabetes mellitus, which disorder of carbohydrate metabolism is closely related to the condition?

Results from insulin deficiency

What is the term for a hemorrhage that is discrete and localized within a tissue?

Hematoma

Which condition results from renal insufficiency and is characterized by high blood urea levels, high creatinine levels, and low nonprotein nitrogen levels?

High blood urea levels

What is the term for a megaloblastic anemia that results from a deficiency of vitamin B12?

Pernicious anemia

The lymphoid system is composed of all of the following EXCEPT:

Liver

Which feature is NOT associated with basophils?

Common with most cells in connective tissue

All of the following properties are generally associated with immunological reaction EXCEPT:

Forgetfulness

In differentiating heat stroke from heat exhaustion, which statement about heat stroke is correct?

A high temperature overwhelms the body's temperature control mechanisms.

Which of the following diseases closely resembles tuberculosis both clinically and histologically?

Histoplasmosis

Which of the following is NOT a complication that may occur as a result of a fracture?

Crush syndrome

What is a malignant neoplasm of glandular epithelium called?

Adenocarcinoma

Which of the following neoplasms is malignant?

Neuroblastoma

A change from columnar epithelium to squamous epithelium may occur in chronic inflammations or vitamin A deficiency; this is called:

Metaplasia

In fracture repair, which vitamin is essential or important in callus production?

Vitamin C

Which of the following is a characteristic of basophils?

Common with most cells in connective tissue

What is the term for a hemorrhagic condition in which the hemorrhages are small and punctate?

Purpura

Which of the following conditions involves a decrease in the integrity of the endothelial lining of capillaries leading to petechiae throughout the body?

A decrease in the integrity of the endothelial lining of capillaries leading to petechiae throughout the body

In congestive heart disease, which organ is most seriously affected due to the decreased blood supply?

Lungs

What condition results from avitaminosis A or vitamin A deficiency?

A degeneration of the epithelium of the respiratory and digestive tracts and certain glands

What is the basic cause of edema?

An increase in the permeability of the capillary endothelium

What is a hemorrhage that is discrete and localized within a tissue called?

Hematoma

Differentiate between heat stroke and heat exhaustion. Which statement about heat stroke is correct?

A high temperature overwhelms the body's temperature regulation mechanisms

Test your knowledge on medical conditions and complications with this quiz. It covers topics such as diseases resembling tuberculosis, complications of fractures, and malignant neoplasms of glandular epithelium. Choose the correct options to see how much you know!

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