## 12 Questions

कोणत्या ग्रंथात 'सातत्य' परंपरेच्या मुख्यप्रमाणे २ दिले गेले आहेत?

भाग

त्रिकोणमितीतील कोणकोणतीही एक कोण म्हणता?

90 डिग्री

गणितातील कोणत्या शाखेचा अध्ययन आकारांच्या आणि स्थानांच्या विशेषतांचा आणि सूत्रंच्या समजून करते?

खूपोनामी

'हपरबोलिक' आणि 'समकोण' हे कोनते प्रकार कोण होते?

'हपरमिटर'

'संख्येचा गुणोत्तर' समाविष्ट करण्याचे सर्व मूल्य कितपत का प्रक्रियेने साधले पहावे?

'समान संकलन'

'पॅरलेल' प्रसंसा करते की कोणती क्रिया?

'निर्वहन'

कोणत्या गणिताचा उपयोग करून व्यावसायिक कंपन्यांनी विक्रीची प्रवृत्ती अनुमानित करतात?

आल्जेब्रा

त्रिकोणमितीमध्ये कोणते मुख्य संज्ञाने आहेत?

त्रिकोणमितीचे सिन, कोसाइन, टेंजेंट

संख्यांच्या संस्थेमध्ये दहा (0-9) अंकांकडे वापरले जातात. खोलीत संख्यांसंदर्भ देण्यासाठी कोणता संस्था वापरला जातो?

संख्यांशास्त्र

'समूह' का म्हणता?

**समुह**

प्रकल्प संख्येविषयी माहिती एकत्र करून, माहिती प्रस्तुत करून आकलन करते. हे कोणते विषय आहे?

**सामुहिक संख्या**

'पूर्ण' किव्हा 'पूरक' का म्हणतात?

**पूरक**

## Study Notes

## Mathematics

Mathematics is the study of patterns, numbers, and shapes. It is an interdisciplinary language used by scientists, engineers, economists, and artists. Mathematics can be divided into three main branches: geometry, arithmetic, and algebra. Each branch offers unique insights into the world around us.

## Geometry

Geometry is the study of shapes and space. It involves understanding properties such as angles, lines, points, and surfaces. Geometric shapes can range from simple forms like triangles to complex figures like rhombicosidodecahedrons. Geometrical principles are used in architecture, engineering, cartography, and even in computer graphics for creating 3D models.

### Euclidean Geometry

Euclidean geometry is named after the ancient Greek mathematician Euclid who wrote a comprehensive textbook on this topic called 'Elements'. This type of geometry deals with flat plane geometries where objects have well-defined distances between them.

### Non-Euclidean Geometry

Non-Euclidean geometry refers to various systems that do not conform to Euclid's postulates, particularly the parallel postulate which states that there is exactly one line through any two given points that does not meet another line. These alternative geometries include hyperbolic and elliptic geometries, both of which were developed in the early 19th century.

## Arithmetic

Arithmetic is concerned with numbers and basic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and fractions. The concept of numbers dates back to prehistoric times when people counted using their fingers. Over time, number systems evolved including Roman numerals, counting boards, abaci, and eventually written numerals. Today, we use decimal notation based on ten digits (0-9).

## Algebra

Algebra uses symbols instead of numerical values. It allows solving equations by replacing variables with letters. Algebraic methods are fundamental in many areas of mathematics including calculus, statistics, physics, chemistry, computer science, etc. Businesses often employ algebra to predict sales trends and make informed decisions.

## Trigonometry

Trigonometry is the branch of mathematics dealing with relationships among the sides and angles of triangles. Key concepts include sine, cosine, tangent, inverse trigonometric functions, and their applications to finding lengths, heights, and other geometric information. Trigonometry plays a crucial role in fields like astronomy, navigation, engineering, and music theory.

## Statistics

Statistics deals with collecting, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from quantitative data. It focuses on the collection, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data. Statistical methods help us understand patterns within large datasets, identify correlations, predict future outcomes, test theories, and make informed decisions based on evidence rather than guesswork or intuition.

In conclusion, mathematics provides tools for describing the physical world, solving problems, and understanding abstract concepts. Whether it's the geometry of a building, the arithmetic of a budget, the algebra of an equation, or the trigonometry of navigation, mathematics permeates our lives in countless ways.

Explore the diverse branches of mathematics including geometry, arithmetic, algebra, trigonometry, and statistics. Learn about shapes and space in geometry, basic operations in arithmetic, symbolic equations in algebra, relationships in trigonometry, and data analysis in statistics.

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