Martin Luther King Jr

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29 Questions

Who did Martin Luther King Jr. marry while he was in Boston?

A native Alabamian

What incident led to the formation of the Montgomery Improvement Association?

Rosa Parks refusing to give up her bus seat

Why was Martin Luther King Jr. chosen as the leader of the boycott?

He was a young, well-trained man

Which organization did Martin Luther King Jr. lead?

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

When did Martin Luther King Jr. win the Nobel Peace Prize?

1964

Where did Martin Luther King Jr. grow up?

Rural Georgia

Where did Martin Luther King Jr. attend college?

Morehouse College

What event had a traumatic impact on Martin Luther King Jr. during his childhood?

The death of his grandmother

Which college did Martin Luther King Jr. attend for his doctoral study?

Boston University

What was the name of Martin Luther King Jr.'s first son?

Martin Luther King III

Who was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on the bus?

Rosa Parks

What was Rosa Parks fined for violating?

The Montgomery City Code

Which organization did Martin Luther King Jr. help found?

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

What inspired Martin Luther King Jr. to commit to nonviolence?

The principles of Mahatma Gandhi

Which event led to President Johnson signing the 1965 Voting Rights Act?

The march on Washington

In which cities did Martin Luther King Jr. expand his civil rights efforts after the peaceful protest?

Chicago and Los Angeles

What criticism did King face from Black militants?

His non-violent approach

What did King link to discrimination to address the criticism he faced?

Discrimination and poverty

Which organization did the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee work closely with?

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

What event led to the end of segregation at lunch counters in 27 southern cities?

Sit-ins

Which city did Martin Luther King Jr. organize a demonstration in that drew nationwide attention?

Birmingham, Alabama

What major event did Martin Luther King Jr. deliver his famous 'I Have a Dream' speech?

March on Washington

Which organization did Martin Luther King Jr. lead?

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

Which event led to the passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1964?

The March on Washington

Which legislation eliminated barriers to voting for African-Americans?

The Voting Rights Act

What did Martin Luther King Jr. focus on during his later years of activism?

Economic justice and international peace

Which movement did Martin Luther King, Jr. lead to achieve legal equality for African-Americans in the United States?

The nonviolent movement

What methods did Martin Luther King, Jr. use in his nonviolent resistance?

Grassroots organizing and civil disobedience

What are some of Martin Luther King, Jr.'s most revered orations and writings?

His "I Have a Dream" speech and "Letter from a Birmingham Jail"

Study Notes

Early Life and Education

  • Martin Luther King Jr. grew up in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • He attended Morehouse College in Atlanta for his undergraduate degree.
  • He then attended Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania, for his divinity degree.
  • He attended Boston University for his doctoral study.

Career and Activism

  • Martin Luther King Jr. married Coretta Scott while in Boston.
  • He led the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on the bus, sparking the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • King was chosen as the leader of the boycott due to his charisma and oratory skills.
  • He led the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).
  • He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

Significant Events and Speeches

  • The Montgomery Bus Boycott, sparked by Rosa Parks' arrest, led to the desegregation of buses in Montgomery.
  • The 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, where King delivered his famous 'I Have a Dream' speech, drew nationwide attention.
  • The 1965 Selma to Montgomery Marches led to the passage of the Voting Rights Act.

Nonviolent Resistance and Criticism

  • King's commitment to nonviolence was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi's philosophy.
  • He faced criticism from Black militants for his nonviolent approach.
  • To address this criticism, King linked discrimination to poverty and unemployment.

Collaborations and Organizations

  • King helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).
  • The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) worked closely with the SCLC.
  • King collaborated with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and other civil rights organizations.

Later Years and Legacy

  • During his later years of activism, King focused on addressing poverty and discrimination.
  • He led the Civil Rights Movement to achieve legal equality for African-Americans in the United States.
  • His nonviolent resistance methods included civil disobedience, boycotts, and marches.
  • Some of King's most revered orations and writings include "I Have a Dream," "Letter from Birmingham Jail," and "Where Do We Go From Here?"

Test your knowledge on the life of Martin Luther King Jr. and his role in the civil rights movement. Explore his early life, marriage, and activism in Montgomery, Alabama. Learn about his efforts to contest racial segregation on public buses in this informative quiz.

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