Civil Rights Movement Presentation Activity

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What was the main purpose of 'Jim Crow' laws in the South?

To marginalize Black people and keep them separate from white people

Which event made Ruby Bridges a significant figure in the Civil Rights movement?

Her role in integrating an elementary school in the South as the first African American student

Why were most Black people unable to vote during the Jim Crow era?

Because they couldn't pass voter literacy tests

What did the Civil Rights movement primarily aim to achieve during the 1950s and 1960s?

To ensure Black Americans gained equal rights under the law

Which piece of legislation is considered a milestone in the fight for equal rights for Black Americans?

The Civil Rights Act of 1964

Why were 'Jim Crow' laws detrimental to Black Americans?

Because they perpetuated racial segregation and inequality

What did Ruby Bridges achieve by integrating an elementary school in the South?

She advanced civil rights by breaking racial barriers

What impact did 'Jim Crow' laws have on interracial marriage?

They made interracial marriage illegal

Which form of discrimination did 'Jim Crow' laws specifically target with regards to public facilities?

Access to public restrooms and water fountains

Why were volunteers from all-Black high schools asked to attend Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1957?

To promote integration and equality in education

Study Notes

Civil Rights Movement

  • The civil rights movement was a struggle for social justice that took place mainly during the 1950s and 1960s for Black Americans to gain equal rights under the law in the United States.
  • The movement aimed to end discrimination against Black people, who continued to face racism and violence despite the abolition of slavery after the Civil War.

Martin Luther King Jr.

  • Martin Luther King Jr. organized peaceful protests as head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, including the March on Washington in 1963.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

  • In 1964, Congress passed Public Law 88-352 (78 Stat. 241), prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
  • The act ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination.

W.E.B. Du Bois

  • W.E.B. Du Bois was an influential African American rights activist during the early 20th century.
  • He co-founded the NAACP (a civil rights organization) and wrote 'The Souls of Black Folk', giving Black people a voice in literature for the first time.

Ruby Bridges

  • At the age of six, Ruby Bridges advanced the cause of civil rights in November 1960 when she became the first African American student to integrate an elementary school in the South.

Jim Crow Laws

  • "Jim Crow" laws were established in the South beginning in the late 19th century to marginalize Black people, keep them separate from white people, and erase their progress during Reconstruction.
  • The laws prohibited Black people from using the same public facilities as white people, living in many of the same towns, or attending the same schools.
  • Interracial marriage was illegal, and most Black people couldn't vote due to voter literacy tests.

Engage in a group activity where you present the Civil Rights Movement to the class. Include discussion on a key legislation like the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and a prominent activist. Utilize tools like a mind map or poster for your presentation.

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