Macronutrients and Nutrients in Biochemistry Chapter 27 Quiz

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39 Questions

What is the function of glycine in the body?

Which amino acid is a precursor of nitric oxide?

What is the main function of arginine in the body?

Which amino acid interacts with glutamine during blood clotting?

What is the primary function of tryptophan in the body?

In terms of nutritional quality, what distinguishes first-class protein from second-class protein?

What does PDCAAS stand for in the context of evaluating protein quality?

Which protein is mentioned as lysine deficient but methionine rich?

What is the main characteristic of Kwashiorkor, a form of Protein-Energy Malnutrition (PEM)?

In which scenario would you expect a negative nitrogen balance according to the text?

What is the approximate daily protein requirement for pregnant or lactating women, according to the text?

Which physiological response leads to an accelerated rate of lipolysis and proteolysis?

What can happen if the kidneys cannot concentrate urine?

Why do high protein diets increase water loss?

What risk do infants face due to their immature kidneys?

Why is it concerning when weight lifters take supplements of arginine?

What can trigger food allergies according to the text?

How many essential amino acids are there according to the text?

Which amino acid is considered semi-essential?

What is the main function of glycine in the body as mentioned in the text?

Which amino acid is a precursor of heme synthesis, inhibitory transmitter in the brain stem, and occurs frequently in collagen?

What is the primary role of lysine residue when factor X111a converts fibrin polymer?

In protein metabolism, what role does histidine play as mentioned in the text?

What is the main physiological function of arginine as described in the text?

Which amino acid serves as a fuel for intestinal enterocytes and plays a crucial role in nitrogen transport?

Which measure is used to evaluate protein quality based on amino acid profile and digestibility?

What condition is characterized by inadequate dietary protein intake and lack of an essential amino acid during stress like trauma, burns, illness, or surgery?

What is the primary reason many individuals suffering from Protein-Energy Malnutrition (PEM) die from secondary infection rather than starvation?

What is the approximate daily protein requirement for athletes according to the text?

Which scenario would result in a negative nitrogen balance according to the text?

In what form of Protein-Energy Malnutrition (PEM) do individuals typically experience a diminished cell-mediated immune response?

What is the potential consequence of using supplements of arginine and lysine together?

Why are high protein diets associated with increased water loss?

How do immature kidneys of infants differ from mature kidneys in terms of urine concentration?

What role does glutamine play during the clotting process?

Why is it problematic when protein fragments cause allergies?

How does urea elimination relate to the absorption of amino acids with similar structures?

What is a concern related to the absorption of protein fragments without complete digestion?

How do essential and non-essential amino acids differ?

Description

Test your knowledge on macronutrients, nutrients, and their functions in the context of metabolism, nutrition, and health. Explore topics such as the role of ethanol in caloric intake, Dietary Reference Intake (DRI), and the functions of proteins.

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