Natural Law and Metaphysics Quiz

Quiz

Flashcards

3 Questions

¿Cuál es la principal diferencia entre el Derecho Natural y el Derecho Positivo?

¿Qué afirma Aristóteles en la Metafísica?

¿Qué dice Tomás de Aquino sobre algunas acciones?

Summary

  • Derecho Natural es un tipo de orden normativo que tiene relación con la naturaleza humana, no con su naturaleza física.
  • Derecho Natural es distinto al Derecho Positivo: es independiente del concenso.
  • Aristóteles parte la Metafísica diciendo que todos los hombres por naturaleza desean saber.
  • El sabio sabe todo, en el sentido de que no sabe todo de todo, sino que conoce todas las causas, y por fuerza de los argumentos, las consecuencias.
  • Las ciencias especulativas son las que se desprenden del conocimiento de la realidad, sin que ello suponga una modificiación de esta.
  • The two main types of science are philosophy and physics.
  • Philosophy studies the good life, while physics studies the nature of things.
  • Both of these types of science are concerned with everything that belongs to the subject matter, which in this case is the being (entity).
  • Metaphysics is the science of the being as being. This means that nothing in the world is outside of metaphysics.
  • Movement is also a part of metaphysics, and it is not limited to the actions of humans. For example, “the syndrome of restless legs” is a natural act.
  • Aquinas says that some actions are not voluntary, but are instead natural.

Description

Test your knowledge of natural law, metaphysics, and related philosophical concepts such as the relationship between human nature and moral law, the distinction between natural law and positive law, and the principles of metaphysical science. Explore the fundamental ideas of Aristotle and Aquinas in this thought-provoking quiz.

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