Inorganic Molecules and Macromolecules Formation

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11 Questions

What type of reactions require an input of energy to move forward?

Condensation/dehydration reactions

What process is known as the activities by which cells acquire and use energy as they make and break apart organic compounds?

Metabolism

How are macromolecules broken or digested?

Hydrolysis

What role does hydrolysis play in liberating usable energy within cells?

Hydrolysis liberates usable energy (ATP) within cells.

What is required to polymerize in biological systems?

Enzymes

What types of reactions do enzymes primarily affect in biological systems?

Hydrolysis reactions

What is the main difference between organic and inorganic molecules?

Organic molecules contain carbon, while inorganic molecules do not.

Define a polymer and a monomer in the context of macromolecules.

A polymer is a large molecule made up of smaller building block molecules called monomers.

How are macromolecules formed?

Macromolecules are formed by linking monomers together to form polymers through polymerization.

Explain the process of condensation in forming large organic molecules.

Condensation is a process where two molecules are covalently bonded together, with the loss of a small molecule.

What is the significance of polymers in living organisms?

Polymers, like DNA and proteins, contribute to the inherent differences between individuals.

Learn about inorganic molecules and how organisms assemble small organic molecules into complex macromolecules such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. Discover the process of forming macromolecules from common small molecules and the concept of polymers.

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