Infectious Diseases: HIV

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23 Questions

Which of the following is not a clinical feature of measles infection?

Petechiae on flexures

What is the pathognomonic sign of measles infection that appears 2 days before the rash?

Koplik's spots

Which vitamin deficiency can cause night blindness?

Vitamin A (Retinol)

What is the characteristic oral manifestation of scurvy due to Vitamin C deficiency?

Swollen and spongy gums

Which stage of scarlet fever is characterized by a diffuse erythematous rash that spreads from above downwards?

Stage of eruption

Which vitamin deficiency can lead to malocclusion of teeth in the oral cavity?

Vitamin D (Calciferol)

What is the mode of transmission of measles infection?

Droplet infection

Which type of anemia is associated with Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) deficiency?

Pernicious anemia

What oral manifestation is associated with Vitamin K deficiency?

Gingival bleeding after brushing

What is the characteristic feature of Vitamin D deficiency in primary and permanent teeth development?

Developmental anomalies of enamel and dentin

What is a characteristic oral sign and symptom of Vitamin A deficiency?

Salivary gland duct blockage by keratin

Which stage of measles infection is characterized by the appearance of maculopapular rash on the trunk and slight desquamation?

Stage of desquamation

Which virus is a human retrovirus with single strand RNA?

HIV

What percentage of people infected with HIV acquire the virus through heterosexual relationships?

49%

Which clinical stage of HIV infection is characterized by fever, malaise, and sore throat?

Stage 1: seroconversion

Which oral manifestation is NOT associated with HIV?

Mumps

What is the incubation period for Mumps?

14-21 days

Which condition can cause parotid gland enlargement apart from Mumps?

Sarcoidosis

What percentage of people infected with HIV acquire the virus through injecting drug abuse?

33%

Which clinical stage of HIV infection is characterized by persistent generalized lymphadenopathy?

Stage 3: persistent generalised lymphadenopathy

Which condition is NOT mentioned in the text as a cause of parotid gland enlargement?

"Cystic fibrosis"

What condition can cause testicular swelling and pain?

Mumps

Which condition is NOT mentioned in the text as a mode of transmission for HIV?

Airborne transmission

Test your knowledge about Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), its types, epidemiology, mode of transmission, and clinical stages. Learn more about this global infectious disease and its impact on millions of people worldwide.

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