Indian Economy: Growth, Fiscal Policy, Agricultural Economics, and Policies Quiz

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What was India's economic growth rate in 2021-22?

7.1%

Which sector accounts for the highest percentage of India's GDP?

Services sector

What is the target fiscal deficit of India for 2023-24?

6.4% of GDP

In which year does the government aim to achieve a 9% average growth rate?

2024-25

What percentage of GDP is allocated to revenue expenditure in the budget for 2024-25?

35.4%

Which sector employs around 41% of India's workforce?

Agricultural sector

What has been the trend in India's agricultural exports from 2013 to 2021?

Declined from 1.8% to 1.3%

What is the target economic growth rate for India by 2024-25?

9%

What is the aim of the National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP)?

Invest INR 102 lakh crore in infrastructure projects over the next five years

What has the government proposed for individuals earning more than INR 15 lakh per annum?

A surcharge on income tax

Study Notes

Indian Economy: Economic Growth, Fiscal Policy, Agricultural Economics, and Economic Policies

The Indian economy is one of the fastest-growing in the world, with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $3.3 trillion in 2021. The country's economic growth has been driven by various factors, including fiscal policy, agricultural economics, and economic policies.

Economic Growth

India's economic growth has been characterized by rapid industrialization, a large and growing services sector, and a significant agricultural sector. The country's economic growth rate reached 7.1% in 2021-22, down from a record 9.2% in 2021-22. The government has set a target of achieving a 9% average growth rate by 2024-25.

Key factors contributing to India's economic growth include:

  • Services sector: India's services sector, which accounts for 58% of its GDP, is expected to grow at 9% in 2022-23 and 2023-24.
  • Manufacturing sector: The manufacturing sector, which contributes around 17% of India's GDP, is expected to grow at 8.7% in 2022-23 and 2023-24.
  • Agriculture sector: India's agriculture sector has been growing at a slower pace, with a growth rate of 3.6% in 2021-22.

Fiscal Policy

India's fiscal policy aims to achieve a balance between growth and inflation control, with an emphasis on reducing the fiscal deficit. The government has announced a fiscal deficit target of 6.4% of GDP for 2023-24. Key fiscal policy measures include:

  • Budget 2024: The budget for 2024-25 allocates 35.4% of GDP to revenue expenditure and 3.4% to capital expenditure.
  • Direct tax proposals: The government has proposed a surcharge on income tax for individuals earning more than INR 15 lakh per annum.
  • GST Council: The GST Council has decided to implement a staggered reduction in GST rates on certain items to boost their demand.

Agricultural Economics

Agriculture remains a significant contributor to India's economy, employing around 41% of the country's workforce. The sector has been growing at a slower pace, with a growth rate of 3.6% in 2021-22. Key issues in the agricultural sector include:

  • Price volatility: The prices of essential commodities like rice, wheat, and pulses are subject to sharp fluctuations, affecting the purchasing power of consumers.
  • Agricultural exports: India's agricultural exports have been growing at a slower pace, with the country's share in global agricultural trade declining from 1.8% in 2013 to 1.3% in 2021.

Economic Policies

India's economic policies are designed to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth, with a focus on economic reforms, infrastructure development, and financial sector stability. Key economic policies include:

  • National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP): The NIP aims to invest INR 102 lakh crore in infrastructure projects over the next five years.
  • Financial sector reforms: The government has announced a series of financial sector reforms, including the recapitalization of public sector banks and the merger of 10 public sector banks into four.
  • Disinvestment policy: The government aims to raise INR 1.85 lakh crore through disinvestment in state-owned companies in 2022-23.

In conclusion, India's economic growth is driven by a mix of factors, including the services and manufacturing sectors, fiscal policy, agricultural economics, and economic policies. The country's economic growth rate is expected to reach 7.1% in 2021-22, with a target of 9% by 2024-25. The government's fiscal policy aims to balance growth and inflation control, while addressing issues in the agricultural sector and implementing economic policies to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth.

Test your knowledge about the Indian economy's economic growth, fiscal policy, agricultural economics, and economic policies. Learn about the key factors contributing to India's economic growth, the aims of fiscal policy, issues in the agricultural sector, and key economic policies designed to achieve sustainable growth.

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