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Geo midterm 3.2

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10 Questions

When the water level in a lake or pond reaches a sufficient depth, it may spill over at a topographic low spot on the landscape which is called which of the following?

an outlet

What is it called when sediment or soil is upthrust due to the freezing of wet soil beneath?

frost heaving

Which of the following refers to the concentration of natural drainage channels or streams within a given geographic area?

Drainage density

In the stream classification scheme, when two streams of the same order merge, the new stream is then identified by which of the following?

the next stream order higher

The most common type of drainage system on the landscape is which of the following?

dendritic

The volume of discharge at any given place and time that is solely the product of groundwater seepage into the stream or river is called which of the following?

base flow

The frequency of a flood event and its magnitude is known as which of the following

return interval

Two major components of landscape denudation are weathering and mass movement

True

Streams with water flowing in them all year long are called ephemeral streams

False

Different weathering processes often act together

True

Study Notes

Hydrology and Landscape Denudation

  • A topographic low spot on the landscape where water spills over when the lake or pond reaches a sufficient depth is called a spillway.
  • When sediment or soil is upthrust due to the freezing of wet soil beneath, it is called frost heave.
  • The concentration of natural drainage channels or streams within a given geographic area is referred to as drainage density.
  • When two streams of the same order merge, the new stream is identified by increasing the stream order by one.
  • The most common type of drainage system on the landscape is dendritic.
  • The volume of discharge at any given place and time that is solely the product of groundwater seepage into the stream or river is called base flow.
  • The frequency of a flood event and its magnitude is known as flood regime.
  • Weathering and mass movement are two major components of landscape denudation.
  • Perennial streams are streams with water flowing in them all year long, not ephemeral streams.
  • Different weathering processes often act together.

Test your knowledge on hydrology terminology by answering questions related to water bodies and their behaviors. Identify the term used when the water level in a lake or pond reaches a sufficient depth and spills over at a low spot on the landscape.

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