HSB4U Exam Review Matching - Key Terms

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33 Questions

Which term refers to the tendency to interpret new evidence as confirmation of one's existing beliefs or theories?

Confirmation bias

Which theory focuses on the idea that individuals are born into a specific social ranking or status in society?

Social Stratification

Which term refers to the belief that society is divided into two main classes: the working class and the capitalist class?

Proletariata

Which concept suggests that individuals adjust their behaviors and attitudes to conform to social norms and expectations?

Looking-Glass Self

Which term refers to the process by which an individual or group adopts the culture of another group, often at the expense of their own culture?

Acculturation

Which theory focuses on the idea that the structure and function of society are necessary for the survival of society as a whole?

Positivism

Which theory is associated with the idea that technology is just an extension of the human body?

McLuhan’s Theory

Which theory focuses on the stages of cognitive development in individuals?

Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development

Which theory emphasizes the impact of social isolation on individuals?

Melvin Seeman’s Social Isolation

Which theory is related to the idea that individuals compare themselves with others for self-evaluation?

Festinger’s Social Comparison Theory

Which theory focuses on the moral development of individuals?

Gilligan’s Morality of Care

Which theory explores the hierarchy of human needs including physiological, safety, love/belonging, esteem, and self-actualization?

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Which theory is based on the idea that individuals learn deviant behavior through association with others?

Differential Association (Sutherland)

In which theory does the concept of 'looking glass self' play a significant role?

Cooley's Looking Glass Self

Which theory focuses on the concept that society's power structures lead to deviant behavior as a form of resistance?

Labeling Theory

Which theory focuses on the idea that strain or stress in a society leads to deviant behavior?

Strain Theory (Merton)

_______ change is the alteration of society over time

Social

_______ is the tendency to interpret new evidence as confirmation of one's existing beliefs or theories

Confirmation bias

_______ refers to the process by which an individual or group adopts the culture of another group, often at the expense of their own culture

Acculturation

_______ is the tendency to interpret new evidence as confirmation of one's existing beliefs or theories

Confirmation bias

_______ explores the hierarchy of human needs including physiological, safety, love/belonging, esteem, and self-actualization

Maslow's hierarchy of needs

_______ focuses on the moral development of individuals

Kohlberg's theory of moral development

Allison Davis’ Theory of Socialized Anxiety Spranger’s Dominant Values Hollingworth’s Gradual Change to Adulthood Lewin’s Field Theory of Adolescence Manneheim’s Fresh Contacts Strauss-Howe Generational Theory Havighurst’s Developmental Tasks - Psychoanalytic Theory - Freud - Learning Theory - Watson and Skinner - Structural Functionalism - Durkheim and - Parsons No Theories of Change on exam - Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development Gilligan’s Morality of Care Robert K. Merton’s Social Strain Typology Melvin Seeman’s Social Isolation Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Festinger’s Social Comparison Theory Sherif’s In-Group and Out-Group Dynamic HSB4U Exam Review ______ Unit 4 - Value-Added Theory - Resource Mobilization Theory - Con ict Theory (Marx and Weber) - Functionalist ( Davis/Moore and Tumin) - Symbolic Interactionsim (Mead) - Intersectionality (Crenshaw) - Unit 5 - Cultural materialism - Constructivism - Containment Theory - Technological Determinism - Cooley's Looking Glass Self - McLuhan’s Theory that technology is just Di erential Association (Sutherland) Labelling Theory Strain Theory (Merton) Control Theory (Hirschi) Con ict Theory (to explain deviance) an extension of the human body Short Answer/Long Answer Questions Most of your short/long answer questions will be asking you to apply the knowledge you have gained from this course to yourself, your society, or events that have occurred or are occurring in society today. These questions are not basic recollections of the theories but require you to use higher-order thinking in order to answer the questions. Explain how a video game can replace reality. What social science theory would be best used to explain this phenomenon. (3 marks) Describe two situations when thinking outside the box would be of great value to you, your peer group, family or community. (4 marks) Using any of the generational theories we examined in class, explain how your generation views one of the following issues di erently from older generations: technology, gender, or leisure time. (4 marks) ff fl fl ff Choose one of Havighurst's developmental tasks for adolescence, and describe one way that an agent of socialization (pick one) would hinder an individual from completing that task, and one way that an agent of socialization (pick another one) would aid an individual in completing the same task. (4 marks) HSB4U Exam Review How can deviant behaviour be an impetus for social change. Use one of the theories on deviance that we learned about in this unit to explain your response. (4 marks) Which theory do you think more adequately exp.

Unit 3 Only key terms are included from this unit on your exam as you completed a test for this unit already. You may want to make reference to some theories from this unit in order to answer some of your short or long answer questions, so make sure you review the theories from this unit.

Which theory is based on the idea that individuals learn deviant behavior through association with others?

Differential Association (Sutherland)

Which theory focuses on the concept that society's power structures lead to deviant behavior as a form of resistance?

Conflict Theory (to explain deviance)

Which theory explores the hierarchy of human needs including physiological, safety, love/belonging, esteem, and self-actualization?

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Which theory focuses on the idea that strain or stress in a society leads to deviant behavior?

Strain Theory (Merton)

Which theory emphasizes the impact of social isolation on individuals?

Melvin Seeman’s Social Isolation

Which theory focuses on the idea that individuals are born into a specific social ranking or status in society?

Structural Functionalism (Durkheim and Parsons)

Which theory focuses on the stages of cognitive development in individuals?

Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development

Which concept suggests that individuals adjust their behaviors and attitudes to conform to social norms and expectations?

Control Theory (Hirschi)

Which term refers to the tendency to interpret new evidence as confirmation of one's existing beliefs or theories?

Confirmation Bias

Which theory focuses on the moral development of individuals?

Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development

Test your knowledge of key terms and their definitions in the field of social sciences. Match the bolded words from readings and lessons to their corresponding definitions, covering topics such as social change, acculturation, conformity, and more.

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