Group Processes and Individual Influence Quiz

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25 Questions

, religious leader, teacher, boss o Research: Zimbardo et al (1973): Stanford Prison Experiment Gender Roles o Expectations _______ how men and women should behave o E

about

Groups Defined: A collection of three or more people who interact with one another and are ________________ in the sense that their needs and goals cause them to rely on one another

interdependent

Why Join Groups. Fundamental need o Intrinsically rewarding o _______________ reasons

Evolutionary

Achieve objectives _______________

collectively

Define ourselves o ________________

Identity

Provide a lens through which we understand the world o ________________

Frameworks to simplify the complex world

Motivation for social _______________

change

Social Norms o Exert strong _______________ over behaviour o Vary across groups

influence

Social Roles: o Shared expectations by group members about how particular people in the group are supposed to ______________ o E.g., religious leader, teacher, boss o Research: Zimbardo et al (1973): Stanford Prison Experiment

behave

Gender Roles o Expectations about how men and women should ______________ o E.g.

behave

Group cohesiveness: o Qualities of a group that bind members together and promote liking among them o Good socially, drawbacks for problem-solving Group ______: o Tend to attract similar individuals o Groups encourage similar behaviour • Social norms and conformity o Diverse groups can perform better

diversity

Social Facilitation: o The tendency for people to do better on simple tasks but worse on complex tasks when they are in the presence of others and their individual performance can be evaluated. o Well-learned tasks are performed ______

well

Social Loafing: o The tendency for people to do worse on simple tasks but better on complex tasks when they are in the presence of others and their individual performance cannot be evaluated o Common Definition: the tendency for individuals to exert less effort when working in groups compared to when working individually

loafing

Deindividuation: o The loosening of normal constraints on behaviour when people are in a group, leading to an increase in impulsive and deviant acts

deindividuation

Failure to share unique information o Groups tend to focus on shared information o Limited time/attention o Solutions: • Make people responsible for specific areas of expertise • Ensure group discussions last long enough to afford people the chance to share unique ______

information

Groupthink: o A kind of thinking in which maintaining group cohesiveness and solidarity is more important than considering the facts in a realistic ______

manner

Social Dilemma: o A conflict in which the most beneficial action for an individual, if chosen by most people, will have harmful effects on ______

everyone

Other people cause us to become particularly alert and ______

vigilant

Others make us apprehensive about how we’re being ______

evaluated

Others distract us from the task at ______

hand

, “The Tragedy of the Commons” (Harden, 1968) The Prisoner’s Dilemma o Increase cooperation: • • • • Friends/future interactions Individuals over groups Tit-for-tat strategy Consistent cooperation ______ and Cooperation Using Threats to Resolve ______ o Not typically an effective means of resolving conflict Negotiation and Bargaining o Negotiation: A form of communication between opposing sides in a conflict, in which offers and counteroffers are made and a solution occurs only when both parties agree o Integrative Solution: A solution to a conflict whereby the parties make trade-offs on issues according to their different interests • Each side concedes the most on issues that are unimportant to them but important to the other side • Can be difficult to identify what is most important to each The End

Conflict

Increase cooperation: • • • • Friends/future interactions Individuals over groups Tit-for-tat strategy Consistent cooperation ______ and Cooperation

Conflict

Using Threats to Resolve ______ o Not typically an effective means of resolving conflict

Conflict

Negotiation: A form of communication between opposing sides in a conflict, in which offers and counteroffers are made and a solution occurs only when both parties agree

Conflict

Integrative Solution: A solution to a conflict whereby the parties make trade-offs on issues according to their different interests • Each side concedes the most on issues that are unimportant to them but important to the other side • Can be difficult to identify what is most important to each

Conflict

Test your knowledge on group processes and how they influence individuals. This quiz covers topics such as defining groups, reasons for joining groups, the functions of groups, group decisions, conflict and cooperation within groups, and more. Explore the dynamics of group interactions and enhance your understanding of how individuals are influenced by group dynamics.

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