Genetics: Basics and Key Concepts

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What is the process of heredity and variation?

Genetics

Which genetic process involves the synthesis of a specific protein from mRNA?

Translation

What is a DNA sequence that encodes for a specific product?

Gene

What is the duplication of chromosomal DNA called?

Replication

Which process involves the synthesis of single-stranded RNA using one strand of DNA as a template?

Transcription

What are the key to the genetic code?

Bases covalently linked to deoxyribose sugar

In genetics, what does a genome refer to?

Genes taken together within an organism

Explore the fundamental aspects of genetics, including the structure and organization of genetic material, genes, and genomes. Learn about the essential roles genetics play in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

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