Functions of the Plasma Membrane Quiz

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LawfulIolite
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10 Questions

What is the function of the lipid bilayer in the cell membrane?

Regulate the transport of materials entering and exiting the cell

Why are cell membranes referred to as semi-permeable or selectively permeable membranes?

Because they allow only certain substances to pass through

What is the role of proteins on the plasma membrane in cell-cell interactions?

Facilitate interactions between cells

Which term best describes the structure of the cell membrane?

Lipid bilayer

What differentiates glycoproteins from lipid proteins on the plasma membrane?

Presence of sugar in glycoproteins

What is the primary function of the lipid bilayer in the cell membrane?

Regulating the transport of materials

Why are cell membranes described as semi-permeable or selectively permeable?

Their ability to selectively allow certain molecules to pass through

Which type of proteins on the plasma membrane enable interactions between cells?

Glycoproteins

In what way does the plasma membrane provide a fixed environment inside the cell?

Regulating the transport of materials

Why is the lipid bilayer in the cell membrane considered semipermeable?

It allows only certain molecules to pass freely

Study Notes

Cell Membrane Structure and Function

  • The lipid bilayer is a crucial component of the cell membrane, providing a semi-permeable or selectively permeable barrier that regulates the flow of materials into and out of the cell.

Cell Membrane Permeability

  • Cell membranes are referred to as semi-permeable or selectively permeable because they allow certain substances to pass through while restricting others, ensuring a controlled environment within the cell.

Protein Function on the Plasma Membrane

  • Proteins on the plasma membrane play a crucial role in cell-cell interactions, facilitating communication and adhesion between cells.

Cell Membrane Structure

  • The cell membrane is described as a lipid bilayer, comprising two layers of lipid molecules with their hydrophilic heads facing outward and hydrophobic tails facing inward.

Glycoproteins and Lipid Proteins

  • Glycoproteins are differentiated from lipid proteins on the plasma membrane by the presence of carbohydrate molecules (glycans) attached to their protein core, which play a crucial role in cell-cell interactions and signaling.

Lipid Bilayer Function

  • The primary function of the lipid bilayer is to regulate the flow of materials into and out of the cell, maintaining a stable internal environment.

Plasma Membrane Function

  • The plasma membrane provides a fixed environment inside the cell by regulating the flow of materials, maintaining cellular homeostasis, and facilitating cellular interactions.

Lipid Bilayer Permeability

  • The lipid bilayer is considered semi-permeable because it allows certain substances to pass through while restricting others, ensuring a controlled environment within the cell.

Test your knowledge on the specific functions of the plasma membrane in a cell, such as selective transport of molecules and providing protection. Explore how cell membranes regulate the passage of nutrients and substances in and out of cells.

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