Exploring Health Determinants and Indigenous Health in Canada

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40 Questions

According to the text, which sociological theory focuses on the society as a bunch of moving parts that move as one?

Which sociological theory focuses on individuals and meaning through interaction?

According to the text, which sociological theory emphasizes that reality is based on interactions and people develop their identity by how others perceive them?

According to the text, which sociological theory rejects the idea of one truth that can be uncovered or known?

According to the text, which sociological theory focuses on the conflict between capitalist owners and workers?

According to the text, which sociological theory emphasizes that society is inherently gendered and that men and women have different access to power?

According to the text, which sociological theory examines the impact of colonialism and sees systemic and structured racism as the cause of social and economic circumstances?

According to the text, which model of healthcare focuses on the disease being caused by one thing and blames the patient's behavior for their illness or disease?

According to the text, which model of healthcare focuses on social constructs and emphasizes that health and illness change based on our constructs?

According to the text, which model of healthcare focuses on physical health and downplays social and psychological illness, while also victim blaming?

According to the text, which model of health considers all parts of health and is used by alternative health practitioners?

What is the World Health Organization's definition of health?

Which model of health believes that illness prevents the actualization of one's potential and true self?

Which model of health focuses on factors that enhance and protect an individual's health, including coherence and stress?

Which approach of social marketing uses education and policy to promote health behaviors?

Which of the following is not one of the four P's of social marketing?

Which type of disability is a long-term illness or disease that typically does not have a cure but has ways to maintain it or lessen it?

Which type of disability refers to any restriction or lack of ability to perform an activity in a 'normal' manner?

According to the text, what is the difference between health and wellness?

According to the text, what is the difference between disease and illness?

According to the text, who developed the social model of health?

According to the text, what are risk factors?

According to the text, what are social determinants of health?

According to the text, what did the Lalonde Report challenge?

According to the text, what did the Canada Health Act of 1984 set conditions for?

According to the text, what did the Ottawa Charter in 1986 outline?

According to the text, what did the World Health Organization's definition of health in 1984 emphasize?

According to the text, what is the role of governments in healthcare?

According to the text, what impacts Indigenous health in Canada?

According to the text, what does health promotion aim to achieve?

According to the text, which model of health emphasizes the role of agriculture and living conditions in addition to medicine in contributing to health?

According to the text, what are risk factors?

According to the text, what do social determinants of health include?

According to the text, what are criticisms of the social model of health?

According to the text, what are the perspectives on health mentioned?

According to the text, what did the introduction of Medicare by Tommy Douglas in 1947 address?

According to the text, what did the Medical Care Act of 1966 do?

According to the text, what did the Lalonde Report in 1974 challenge?

According to the text, what did the Alma ATA declaration in 1978 recognize?

According to the text, what did the Ottawa Charter in 1986 outline?

Summary

Overview of Health Determinants and Indigenous Health in Canada

  • Thomas McKeown developed the social model of health, which emphasizes the role of agriculture and living conditions in addition to medicine in contributing to health.
  • Risk factors are individual causes of health issues, while social determinants of health are social causes.
  • Social determinants of health include societal production and distribution, social constructs, and social organization.
  • Criticisms of the social model of health include the unfeasibility of pushing for social change, overemphasis on the medical approach, and the complexity of short-term solutions.
  • Perspectives on health include structural factors (economic and political), agency factors (social interaction and life perspectives), and trajectory factors (long-term patterns with turning points).
  • The history of healthcare in Canada includes religious groups and volunteers providing healthcare services, minimal government involvement until the British North American Act of 1867, and the establishment of medical schools and hospitals after the Flexner Report in 1910.
  • The introduction of Medicare by Tommy Douglas in 1947 addressed the government's failure to provide medical care, and the Medical Care Act of 1966 expanded healthcare coverage to all provinces.
  • The Lalonde Report in 1974 challenged the biomedical model of healthcare and emphasized the importance of lifestyle, environment, and healthcare organization in promoting health.
  • The Alma ATA declaration in 1978 recognized primary healthcare as key to health and established principles for healthcare.
  • The World Health Organization's definition of health in 1984 emphasized health as a resource for everyday living and the role of social and personal resources.
  • The Canada Health Act of 1984 set conditions for provinces to receive federal contributions, including public administration, comprehensiveness, universality, portability, and accessibility.
  • The Ottawa Charter in 1986 outlined principles of health promotion, including creating supportive environments, reorienting health services, developing personal skills, strengthening community action, and building healthy public policies.
  • The role of governments in healthcare includes federal delivery of healthcare to specific groups, healthcare financing for provinces, enforcement of compliance with the Canada Health Act, and national policy and programming. Indigenous health is impacted by systemic racism, colonialism, and treaties. Assessing population health involves measuring indicators such as life expectancy, disease rates, and mortality rates. Health promotion aims to achieve a high level of well-being and actualization through a holistic approach and empowerment. The health belief model explores why people take preventative actions, while the transtheoretical model identifies stages of behavior change. Social determinants of health include income, social status, education, employment, physical environments, biology, personal health practices, gender, culture, and social environments. Indigenous health in Canada is affected by disparities in education, poverty, and socioeconomic status, but there are also strengths within Indigenous communities to overcome these barriers.

Description

Test your knowledge on health determinants and Indigenous health in Canada with this informative quiz. Learn about social determinants of health, historical milestones in Canadian healthcare, key reports and declarations, and the impact of systemic racism on Indigenous health. Discover the factors that influence population health and explore models of behavior change. Gain insights into the challenges faced by Indigenous communities and the strengths they possess.

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