Epidemiological Aspects of Communicable Diseases

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30 Questions

Which factor is included in the pre-pathogenic period of infection?

Mode of Transmission

What is a potential mode of transmission for blood-borne diseases?

Shared razors

Which is a component of the pathogenic period of infection?

Pathogenesis

What is a potential source of infection for blood-borne diseases?

Contaminated syringe

Which body fluid is not considered a potential carrier of blood-borne pathogens?

Urine

What is the period of communicability for a person with AIDS?

From onset of infection throughout life

What is the main mode of transmission for HIV?

Mainly through blood, semen, and vaginal secretions

Which test is used as a confirmatory test for HIV?

Western blot test

What is the infectious agent responsible for causing AIDS?

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Which group is not considered a risk factor for acquiring AIDS?

Persons with no history of STIs

What is the incubation period range for AIDS?

6 months - 6 years

What is the primary target of HIV in the human body?

T4-helper cells (T-lymphocytes)

What is the fatality rate associated with AIDS?

High

Which body fluid is considered a potential carrier of blood-borne pathogens?

Breast milk

What type of immunity does HIV destroy?

Cell-mediated immunity

Which body fluid is NOT considered a potential carrier of blood-borne pathogens?

Urine

What is the main mode of transmission for HIV?

Blood transfusion

What is the period of communicability for a person with AIDS?

From onset of infection throughout life

What is the primary target of HIV in the human body?

T4-helper cells (T-lymphocytes)

What is a potential mode of transmission for blood-borne diseases?

Contaminated syringe during drug abuse

Which is a component of the pre-pathogenic period of infection?

Host factors like age and sex

What is the primary target of HIV in the human body?

White blood cells (CD4 cells)

What is the period of communicability for a person with AIDS?

>6 months but not lifetime communicability

What is the incubation period range for AIDS?

Several years

Which factor is included in the pathogenic period of infection?

Mode of transmission

What type of immunity does HIV destroy?

Cell-mediated immunity

Which body fluid is considered a potential carrier of blood-borne pathogens?

Blood

What is a potential source of infection for blood-borne diseases?

Contaminated syringe during drug abuse

What is the fatality rate associated with AIDS?

Varies depending on treatment and access to care

Which test is used as a confirmatory test for HIV?

ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay)

Test your knowledge on the epidemiological aspects of communicable diseases, including the definition of infection, occurrence factors like geography and socioeconomic status, as well as the pre-pathogenic period elements such as infectious agents and modes of transmission.

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