Disorders of Esophagus - GERD Quiz

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20 Questions

What is the main cause of GERD?

Disturbances of the normal physiological barrier

What is an important feature of hiatus hernia?

Gastric volvulus may complicate large hernias

Which symptom is NOT a typical clinical feature of GERD?

Nocturnal cough or wheeze

What is an extra-esophageal manifestation of GERD?

Subglottic stenosis

When are investigations for GERD NOT needed?

In patients with typical symptoms

What is the investigation of choice for GERD?


What is used to identify reflux episodes in GERD?

Ambulatory 24-hour pH measurement

What is one of the potential oral signs associated with GERD?

Laryngeal cancer

When is trial of acid suppression needed for GERD?

Only if lifestyle modification measures fail

What is rarely used for investigations of GERD?

Bernstein acid perfusion test

What is the definition of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

Reflux of stomach contents causing troublesome symptoms or complications

What are the common causes of GERD?

Anatomical barriers and physiological barriers

What is the percentage of the general population affected by gastroesophageal reflux resulting in heartburn?

Approximately 30%

What is the physiological barrier that maintains lower esophageal sphincter (LOS) competence during straining?

Intra-abdominal LOS

Which condition develops when the reflux of stomach contents causes troublesome symptoms and/or complications?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

What does oesophagitis refer to?

Presence of endoscopic abnormality in the esophagus

What are the barriers preventing reflux as mentioned in the text?

Anatomical barriers and physiological barriers

What is the main defining factor for GERD to be considered as a disease?

'Reflux occurs in everybody' only if symptoms occur

What does Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER) refer to?

'Physiological passage of gastric contents into the esophagus'

What is meant by 'Immediate clearing of refluxed material' as a physiological barrier?

It involves immediate removal of refluxed material from the esophagus.

Test your knowledge about disorders of the esophagus, focusing on Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Learn about the causes, symptoms, complications, diagnosis, and treatment of GERD in this quiz.

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