Discrimination: Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Characteristics

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¿Cuál es una característica de la discriminación que se refiere a la distinción entre discriminación intencional y no intencional?

Intencional vs. no intencional

¿Qué tipo de estereotipos puede llevar a una falsa confianza según el texto?


¿Cómo puede combatirse la discriminación según el texto?

Fomentando el contacto entre grupos

¿Qué implica el estereotipo según el texto?

Considerar a los individuos como parte de un grupo monolítico

¿Cuál es un ejemplo de discriminación institucional mencionado en el texto?

Un colegio que no proporciona recursos de manera equitativa

Cul de las siguientes afirmaciones describe mejor el concepto de 'prejuicio' segn el texto?

Es la opinin o actitud preconcebida, a menudo negativa, hacia miembros de grupos sociales especficos.

Segn el texto, cul de las siguientes opciones NO se menciona como una fuente de prejuicio?

La falta de experiencias personales positivas con miembros de otros grupos.

Cul de las siguientes opciones describe mejor la relacin entre el prejuicio y la discriminacin?

El prejuicio y la discriminacin estn interrelacionados y no pueden existir uno sin el otro.

Cul de las siguientes afirmaciones sobre los estereotipos NO es coherente con la informacin proporcionada en el texto?

Los estereotipos siempre son verdaderos y reflejan la realidad de un grupo.

De acuerdo con el texto, cul de las siguientes caractersticas NO se menciona como parte de la discriminacin?

Acciones legales y legtimas tomadas por el gobierno para proteger a grupos vulnerables.

Study Notes


Discrimination is the unfair treatment of individuals based on their membership in certain groups. These groups can include race, gender, religion, age, disability, sexual orientation, national origin, marital status, or other factors. This article will discuss three main aspects of discrimination: prejudice, stereotyping, and characteristics of discrimination.


Prejudice refers to preconceived opinions or attitudes, often negative, towards members of specific social groups. It's important to note that prejudice and discrimination are intertwined; one does not exist without the other. For example, if a person believes someone from another ethnicity is more prone to crime because of their skin color, this is a form of prejudice that could lead to discriminatory actions.

Sources of Prejudice

The sources of prejudice can be broadly categorized into four areas:

  1. Social environment: People learn prejudiced attitudes from others around them, like family members, friends, teachers, mentors, media, and peers.
    • Intergenerational transmission of prejudice: Children acquire beliefs and behaviors from parents and grandparents, who learned them from their ancestors.
    • Media: Television programs, movies, music, books, newspapers, websites, magazines, video games, and toys all contribute to socialization processes.
    • Peer groups: Individuals in contact with members of stigmatized groups tend to adopt stereotypes and negative attitudes towards these group members unless they are actively encouraged to avoid doing so.


Stereotyping is a simplified mental picture or image that is held with respect to a race, gender, or other category of people. It involves treating individuals as if they are part of a monolithic group rather than unique individuals. For instance, assuming that all Asian students possess excellent math skills or all African American men are prone to criminal activities is a form of stereotyping.

Types of Stereotypes

There are two main types of stereotypes: positive and negative. Positive stereotypes can lead to false confidence, while negative ones perpetuate harmful biases and inevitable disappointment.

Characteristics of Discrimination

Discrimination is a complex issue with various characteristics, including:

  1. Intentional vs. unintentional: Discrimination can be intentional or unintentional. Intentional discrimination is conscious, whereas unintentional discrimination can occur due to unconscious biases and attitudes.

  2. Individual vs. institutional: Discrimination can be individual (e.g., a manager refusing to promote a woman) or institutional (e.g., a school not providing equal resources to all students).

  3. Overt vs. covert: Discrimination can be overt (e.g., a person being verbally abused) or covert (e.g., a person being excluded from a social event).

  4. Direct vs. indirect: Discrimination can be direct (e.g., a person being denied a job based on their race) or indirect (e.g., a person being offered a lower salary than their colleagues because of their gender).

Combating Discrimination

Combating discrimination involves addressing its root causes and promoting equality. Some strategies include:

  1. Promoting tolerance: Educating people about diversity and prejudice can help them understand and appreciate different perspectives.

  2. Encouraging intergroup contact: Interactions between members of different groups can help break down stereotypes and reduce prejudice.

  3. Addressing institutional discrimination: Policies and practices that perpetuate discrimination should be identified and changed.

In conclusion, discrimination involves prejudice, stereotyping, and various characteristics such as intentionality, individual vs. institutional, overt vs. covert, and direct vs. indirect. Combating discrimination requires understanding its root causes and implementing strategies to promote equality.

Explore the concepts of prejudice, stereotyping, and the characteristics of discrimination. Learn about the sources of prejudice, types of stereotypes, and the complexities of discrimination including intentional vs. unintentional, individual vs. institutional, overt vs. covert, and direct vs. indirect discrimination. Discover strategies to combat discrimination and promote equality.

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