Digestive System Overview

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15 Questions

What is the medical term for the digestive tract?

Gastrointestinal tract

Which organ is not part of the small intestine?

Gallbladder

What is the function of the pharynx in the digestive system?

Move food from mouth to esophagus

What is the term for the process by which the teeth chew food in the mouth?

Mastication

What is the approximate duration for food to travel the length of the digestive tract?

24 - 36 hours

Which organ does not belong to the digestive system?

Kidney

What is the function of mucus in the digestive tract?

To coat and protect the lining of the digestive tract

Which type of digestion involves the mastication and mixing of food?

Mechanical digestion

What is the function of enteric sensory neurons in the digestive tract?

Detect changes in the chemical composition of digestive tract contents or detect mechanical changes

Which neurotransmitter stimulates digestive tract motility and secretions?

Acetylcholine

Which hormone helps regulate many digestive tract functions?

Gastrin

What does the process of absorption involve?

Moving molecules out of the digestive tract and into the blood or lymphatic system

What is the primary function of segmental contractions in the small intestine?

To propel food by moving it back and forth within the digestive tract

What is the function of liver secretions in digestion?

Break down large lipids into much smaller droplets

What is Hirschprung disease primarily caused by?

Absence of enteric neurons in the distal large intestine

Learn about the digestive system and its components, including the digestive tract and accessory organs. Understand the functions and terminology associated with the digestive system.

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