Dance Styles Overview

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12 Questions

What is the origin of the word 'ballet'?

Italian word 'balletto' meaning 'dance'

Which dance style focuses on the expression of inner feelings rather than structured steps?

Modern Dance

When was Modern Dance born?

Early 20th century

Which style of dance is known for its use of music and dance to tell stories?


What was the main reason for creating Modern Dance?

To rebel against classical ballet

Which type of dance is best known for being performed both socially and competitively?

Ballroom Dance

What are some criteria used to judge ballroom dancers in competitions?

Posture, body alignment and shape, and floor craft

Which term is used to describe dances developed by communities and passed down from generation to generation?

Folk dance

What is a common characteristic of most Philippine festivals mentioned in the text?

They have religious origins.

Which festival is known as the 'Mother of All Festivals' in the Philippines?

Ati-Atihan Festival

In Ati-Atihan festival, why do participants blacken their skin?

To symbolize historical settlers called 'ati'

What is a distinguishing feature of folk dances mentioned in the text?

Reflect traditional life of a country or region

Study Notes

Dance Styles

  • Ballet originated in the Italian Renaissance courts of the 15th century and was further developed in France and Russia as a concert dance form.
  • Ballet uses music and dance to tell stories, and the word "ballet" comes from the French word "ballare" meaning "to dance".
  • Ballet serves as a backbone for many other styles of dance.

Modern Dance

  • Modern dance was born in the early 20th century as a rebellion against classical ballet.
  • Modern dance emphasizes creativity in choreography and performance, and focuses on the expression of inner feelings.

Pop/Popular Dance

  • Popular dance, also known as social dance, is performed in public or private for the enjoyment of the participants.
  • Popular dance was practiced as early as 3000 years ago at both community and family levels.

Ballroom Dance

  • Ballroom dance refers to a set of partner dances enjoyed socially and competitively around the world.
  • Ballroom dance is also performed on stage, film, and television, and is judged on criteria such as poise, musicality, and presentation.

Folk Dance

  • Folk dance refers to dances developed by groups or communities, rather than by a choreographer.
  • Folk dances are passed down from generation to generation and reflect the traditional life of a certain country or region.

Philippine Festivals

  • Filipinos take their festivals and fiestas seriously, with every town having their own annual celebrations devoted to their Patron Saint.
  • Most Philippine festivals are religious in origin due to Spanish influence on Filipino Catholic spirituality.
  • Festivals are marked with elaborate costumes, food, drinks, parades, processions, and competitions.

Ati-Atihan Festival

  • Ati-Atihan is the oldest festival in the Philippines, dubbed as the "Mother of All Festival".
  • The festival is a two-week celebration that culminates on the 3rd Sunday of January, featuring people dressed in costumes made of indigenous materials, dancing in the streets to the beat of drums.

Explore the origins and characteristics of various dance styles like Ballet, Modern, Pop, Ballroom, Folk, and more. Learn about the historical development and unique features that define each dance genre, from the formalized movements of Ballet to the expressive freedom of Modern Dance.

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