CSC 212 Computer Hardware Overview

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32 Questions

Which of the following is a function carried out by any digital computer?

Storing data/instructions in its memory and using them when required

What are the key characteristics of a computer mentioned in the text?

Speed, accuracy, diligence, storage capability, and versatility

What is computer hardware?

The physical parts of a computer that can be touched

What is the function of computer software?

Performing specific operations based on a set of instructions

What are the two major elements of a computer system mentioned in the text?

Software and hardware

What term is used to describe the process of converting data into information?

Data processing

What is one of the characteristics of a computer mentioned in the text?

High processing speed

Which type of computer can perform hundreds of millions of instructions per second, making it suitable for large-scale scientific and engineering areas?

Super Computer

What is the primary memory used by a Mainframe Computer, as mentioned in the text?

RAM

Which type of computer architecture and operation is totally dependant on parallel and grid processing, as stated in the text?

Super Computer

What are some functions for which a Supercomputer is mostly implemented, as mentioned in the text?

Space exploration and weather forecasting

What is one of the limitations of computers mentioned in the text?

Ability to only perform tasks that it has been programmed to do

What type of computer uses the primary memory such as RAM?

Mainframe Computer

Which type of computer is versatile in nature and can perform different types of tasks with ease, as mentioned in the text?

Personal Computer

Which type of computer provides a high degree of accuracy, giving the result of division of any two numbers up to 10 decimal places, as mentioned in the text?

Personal Computer

What characteristic allows a computer to store large volumes of data and retrieve them whenever required, as mentioned in the text?

Storage Capability

Which term describes the set of instructions for a computer to perform specific operations, as mentioned in the text?

Software

What is the primary function of any digital computer, as stated in the text?

Storing data/instructions in its memory

Which type of computer architecture and operation is primarily reliant on parallel and grid processing, as mentioned in the text?

Supercomputer

What are some key characteristics of a computer system, as mentioned in the text?

Speed, versatility, and diligence

Which type of computer offers a high degree of accuracy, providing results of mathematical operations up to 10 decimal places, as mentioned in the text?

Supercomputer

What does a digital computer do to convert data into information, as stated in the text?

Processes the data according to specified rules

What type of computer architecture and operation is primarily reliant on parallel and grid processing, as mentioned in the text?

Super Computer

Which type of computer uses the primary memory such as (RAM), as mentioned in the text?

Mainframe Computer

Which type of computer provides a high degree of accuracy, giving the result of division of any two numbers up to 10 decimal places, as mentioned in the text?

Super Computer

What is one of the limitations of computers mentioned in the text?

Inability to perform tasks it has not been programmed to do

Which type of computer is versatile in nature and can perform different types of tasks with ease, as mentioned in the text?

Personal Computer

What does a digital computer do to convert data into information, as stated in the text?

Performs specific operations based on programmed instructions

What characteristic allows a computer to store large volumes of data and retrieve them whenever required, as mentioned in the text?

Storage Capability

What term describes the set of instructions for a computer to perform specific operations, as mentioned in the text?

Computer Program

What are some examples of functions carried out by a Supercomputer, as mentioned in the text?

Industrial functions, Space exploration, Weather forecasting, Nuclear testing

What is an example of a Mainframe Computer function mentioned in the text?

Industrial function

Study Notes

Computer Characteristics and Functions

  • A digital computer can process, store, and communicate information.
  • Key characteristics of a computer include speed, accuracy, and versatility.
  • Computers can store large volumes of data and retrieve them whenever required.

Types of Computers

  • A Supercomputer can perform hundreds of millions of instructions per second, making it suitable for large-scale scientific and engineering applications.
  • A Mainframe Computer uses primary memory such as RAM and is suitable for large-scale applications.
  • A Supercomputer is mostly implemented for large-scale scientific and engineering applications.

Computer Hardware and Software

  • Computer hardware refers to the physical components of a computer system.
  • Computer software refers to the set of instructions for a computer to perform specific operations.
  • The primary function of any digital computer is to take input, process it, store it, and produce output.

Data Processing

  • The process of converting data into information is called data processing.
  • A digital computer takes input, processes it, stores it, and produces output, thus converting data into information.

Limitations of Computers

  • One of the limitations of computers is that they are limited to the data they are given.

Computer Architecture and Operation

  • Grid and parallel processing are types of computer architecture and operation that are primarily reliant on parallel and grid processing.
  • Supercomputers rely on parallel and grid processing.

Test your knowledge of computer hardware overview with this quiz based on the manual for CSC 212. Learn about the basic elements of computer hardware and their functions.

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