What did Beaudry initially refuse to do before submitting it later that night?
What did the case of Hill vs. Hamilton-Wentworth Police establish?
What was the reason for the police claiming to work with discretion in the case of Hill vs. Hamilton-Wentworth Police?
Where did the police begin using 'Investigative Genetic Genealogy' to identify the suspect’s family group?
How many cold cases in Toronto are thought to have DNA recovered at the scene belonging to Joseph George Sutherland?
Where is discretion guided by when it comes to the source of police officers’ knowledge about the use/application of discretion?
How does the social, economic, and demographic makeup of the local community influence how officers use discretion?
Who has the authority to issue search warrants?
When can Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA) warrants be executed?
What is the nexus of search?
Under what circumstances is the use of force during a search allowed?
What is the impact of R v. Beare?
In what situation can school officials conduct a search?
What does R v. Belliveau establish?
What is the requirement for cavity searches?
Under what authority can police officers conduct a strip search?
What does Section 2 CC define?
What is the impact of R v Beaudry?
What does discretion refer to in police procedures?
What are the factors influencing police discretion?
How can police service policies influence an officer's decision to lay charges?
What does a 'zero-tolerance' approach potentially impact?
What are the pros of police discretion?
What can police discretion foster within communities?
What does investigative detention require?
What does prima facie mean?
Where do police derive their authority for SITA from?
What does 'disclosure' in criminal cases refer to?
What is the difference between a confidential informer and a police agent?
What does an 'affiant' refer to?
What does 'body search' refer to?
What happens once informer privilege is established?
Under what circumstance can the Crown waive the informer privilege?
What type of questions are not permitted in relation to informers?
For what purpose are confidential informers often used?
When is information from a confidential informer admissible?
What does the Deboot Test evaluate the credibility of a tip using?
Are anonymous tips generally considered sufficient for legal actions?
When should the search after an arrest generally occur?
What does the continuity of evidence require the police to do?
What influences police discretion in responding to situations and enforcing laws?
What does the 'Nexus of Search' relate to?
Confidential Informers and Search Warrants in Criminal Law
- Once informer privilege is established, neither the Crown nor the police can violate it.
- The Crown cannot waive the informer privilege without the informer's consent.
- Questions that narrow down the possible informers to reveal the identity are not permitted.
- Confidential informers are often used to obtain grounds for search warrants or warrantless searches.
- Information from a confidential informer is only admissible if the defense challenges the search, seizure, or arrest.
- The Deboot Test evaluates the credibility of a tip using the 3 C’s: Compelling, Credible, and Corroborated.
- Anonymous tips are generally not considered sufficient for legal actions.
- The search after an arrest should generally occur within a reasonable period.
- The continuity of evidence requires the police to account for the whereabouts of seized items at all times.
- Various types of search warrants include ordinary, general, telewarrant, tracking, telephone number recorder, impression, and drugs and substances warrants.
- CC Form 1 is the Information to Obtain Search Warrant, while CC Form 5 is the Warrant to Search.
- Environmental, administrative, and individual factors influence police discretion, affecting how they respond to situations and enforce laws.
- The "Nexus of Search" is related to a police officer's attempt to apply for a search warrant based on the connection between the alleged crime and the place to be searched.
Test your knowledge of confidential informers and search warrants in criminal law with this quiz. Explore the principles of informer privilege, admissibility of information, types of search warrants, and factors influencing police discretion. Prepare to dive into the legal intricacies of obtaining and executing search warrants in criminal investigations.
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