Computer Ports and Adapters Quiz

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18 Questions

What type of video ports and cables can transfer both analog and digital signals?

HDMI

Which video port roughly doubles the capacity of a single disc when used for DVD or BD media?

HDMI

Which of the following is a video port that is known for its high-definition multimedia capabilities?

HDMI

What type of cable is commonly used to connect a monitor to a computer?

HDMI cable

Which of the following is used to connect peripheral devices like printers and scanners to a computer?

I/O port

What type of optical drive is suitable for HD digital video and data?

Blu-ray Disc (BD)

What type of adapter card provides a connection to a TV signal?

Capture card

Which of the following is a common expansion slot for adapter cards?

Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI)

What type of data storage device uses fixed media instead of removable media?

Solid state drive

Which storage device interface is considered legacy in modern computers?

Parallel ATA (EIDE)

Which type of adapter card is used for connecting to wireless networks?

NIC

What type of expansion slot is commonly used for graphics cards?

PCI Express (PCIe)

What is the main function of a converter in the context of computer components?

Translating signals from one technology to another

Which of the following is NOT an example of an adapter mentioned in the text?

HDMI to VGA converter

What are some common input devices mentioned in the text?

Keyboard and Mouse

What is the function of a KVM Switch?

Controlling multiple computers with a single keyboard, monitor, and mouse

Which type of port is commonly used for audio and game connections on a computer?

PS/2

What is the purpose of an IDE port in a computer?

Integrated Drive Electronics

Study Notes

PC Components

  • A computer may have various ports, including PS/2, Audio, Game port, Network, Serial, SATA, IDE, and USB.

Adapters and Converters

  • Adapters and converters are used to connect different technologies.
  • Adapters physically connect one technology to another, whereas converters also translate signals from one technology to another.
  • Examples of adapters include DVI to VGA, USB to Ethernet, USB to PS/2, DVI to HDMI, and Molex to SATA adapters, as well as HDMI to VGA converters.

Input Devices

  • Input devices allow users to communicate with a computer.
  • Early input devices include keyboards, mice, ADF/Flatbed scanners, joysticks, gamepads, and KVM switches.

Optical Storage Devices

  • There are three types of optical drives: CD ( Compact Disc), DVD (Digital Versatile Disc), and BD (Blu-ray Disc).
  • CDs are for audio and data, DVDs are for digital video and data, and BDs are for HD digital video and data.
  • Optical media can be pre-recorded (read-only), recordable (write once), or re-recordable (read and write multiple times).
  • DVDs and BDs can also be single-layer (SL) or dual-layer (DL), with dual-layer media roughly doubling the capacity of a single disc.

Video Ports and Cables

  • Video ports connect a monitor to a computer using a cable.
  • Video ports and cables transfer analog signals, digital signals, or both.
  • Examples of video ports and cables include DVI, DisplayPort, HDMI, Thunderbolt 1 or 2, Thunderbolt 3, VGA, and RCA.

Other Ports and Cables

  • Input/output (I/O) ports on a computer connect peripheral devices, such as printers, scanners, and portable drives.
  • Common adapter cards include Sound adapter, Network Interface Card (NIC), Wireless NIC, Video adapter, Capture card, TV tuner card, Universal Serial Bus (USB) controller card, and eSATA card.

Adapter Cards

  • Computers have expansion slots on the motherboard to install adapter cards.
  • The type of adapter card connector must match the expansion slot.
  • Common expansion slots include Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI), Mini-PCI, PCI eXtended (PCI-X), PCI Express (PCIe), Riser card, and Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP).

Storage Devices

  • Data drives provide non-volatile storage of data.
  • Data storage devices can be classified according to the media on which the data is stored: Magnetic (hard disk drive and tape drive), Solid state (solid state drive), and Optical (CD and DVD).

Storage Device Interfaces

  • Storage devices inside a computer connect to the motherboard using Serial AT Attachment (SATA) connections.
  • The legacy interface is Parallel ATA (EIDE).

Test your knowledge on computer ports like PS/2, SATA, IDE, and USB, as well as adapters and converters. Learn about different connection standards and how adapters and converters translate signals.

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