Class 10 Science Chemistry: Carbon and its Compounds

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7 Questions

What is the atomic number of hydrogen?

1

How many protons does a carbon atom have?

6

What is the valency of carbon?

4

Why is carbon essential in our daily lives?

It is present in food, clothing, and medicines.

Which element has an atomic number of 8?

Oxygen

What does the valency of an element indicate?

Its combining capacity with other atoms

How does understanding electronic configuration help in chemistry?

To predict chemical reactivity

Study Notes

  • The video is about Class 10 Science Chemistry Part from Chapter "Carbon and its Compounds."
  • The chapter will be covered in two videos: Part 1 provides a detailed explanation of the complete chapter, and Part 2 will focus on answering questions from the book, explaining important concepts, and providing handwritten notes.
  • Carbon is a non-metal element with the symbol 'C' and atomic number 6.
  • Carbon is essential for various things like food, clothing, medicines, living things, and non-living things made up of carbon compounds.
  • The video explains the importance of carbon and its compounds in our daily lives, such as in food, clothing, and medicines.
  • The atomic number of carbon is 6, indicating it has 6 protons and 6 electrons.
  • Hydrogen has an atomic number of 1, with 1 proton and 1 electron in its first orbit.
  • Oxygen has an atomic number of 8, with 8 electrons in its first orbit and 2 in the next orbit.
  • Carbon has a valency of four, meaning it needs to complete its octet by sharing or gaining electrons.
  • Understanding the electronic configuration of elements like carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen helps in understanding their chemical properties.

Explore the importance of carbon and its compounds in our daily lives, such as food, clothing, and medicines. Learn about the atomic number, valency, and electronic configuration of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Part 1 provides a detailed explanation of the chapter, while Part 2 focuses on answering questions and providing notes.

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