Chemistry Class 12 CBSE: Solutions Chapter Overview Quiz

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10 Questions

What is the concentration unit that represents the number of moles of solute per liter of solution?

Molarity (M)

What is a homogeneous solution?

A mixture with a uniform composition

Which of the following is an example of a colloid?

Milk

Which colligative property involves the decrease in freezing point of a solution compared to the pure solvent?

Freezing point depression

What does Raoult's Law relate the lowering of vapor pressure to in a solution?

Mole fraction of the solute

What does Raoult's law explain?

Vapor pressure of solutions

In a heterogeneous mixture, how are the components distributed?

Unevenly

What is solubility?

The maximum amount of solute that can be dissolved in a solvent

Which concentration unit is calculated by dividing the mass of solute by the volume of the solution in milliliters multiplied by 100?

Mass by volume (m/v %)

Which property involves the pressure applied to a solution to prevent the passage of solvent through a semi-permeable membrane?

Osmotic pressure

Study Notes

Chemistry for Class 12 CBSE: Solutions Chapter Overview

In the realm of chemistry, solutions play a crucial role, representing mixtures of substances in which one is dispersed in the other. As you journey through your Class 12 CBSE curriculum, the solutions chapter offers a solid foundation in understanding various aspects of solutions, solubility, and solution properties.

In this article, we will delve into the key subtopics of the solutions chapter, providing you with a fact-rich and informative overview of each concept.

Types of Solutions

A solution is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances, where one or more substances dissolve in another. In Class 12 CBSE, you will encounter three types of solutions:

  1. Homogeneous solution: A mixture with a uniform composition, where the components are evenly distributed, such as sugar dissolved in water.
  2. Heterogeneous mixture: A mixture with a non-uniform composition, where the components are not evenly distributed, like sand and water.
  3. Colloid: A special type of heterogeneous mixture, where small particles of one substance are dispersed in another, forming a stable dispersion, such as milk.

Solubility

Solubility is the maximum amount of a solute that can dissolve in a solvent at a particular temperature and pressure. Memorizing solubility rules for common substances will help you understand why some substances dissolve in water and others do not.

Concentration Units

Understanding concentration is essential in chemistry as it helps us determine the strength of solutions. Some common concentration units include:

  1. Molarity (M): The number of moles of solute per liter of solution.
  2. Molality (m): The number of moles of solute per kilogram of solvent.
  3. Percentage by mass (w/w %): The mass of solute divided by the total mass of the solution multiplied by 100.
  4. Mass by volume (m/v %): The mass of solute divided by the volume of the solution in milliliters multiplied by 100.

Colligative Properties

Colligative properties are properties of solutions that depend only on the concentration or number of particles in the solution, not the nature of the solute. Some important colligative properties include:

  1. Boiling point elevation: The increase in boiling point of a solution as compared to the pure solvent.
  2. Freezing point depression: The decrease in freezing point of a solution compared to the pure solvent.
  3. Osmotic pressure: The pressure applied to a solution to prevent the passage of solvent through a semi-permeable membrane.
  4. Vapour pressure lowering: The decrease in vapor pressure of a solution as compared to the pure solvent.

Raoult's Law

Raoult's law is a principle that relates the lowering of vapor pressure of a solvent in a solution to the mole fraction of the solute. It states that the partial pressure of a solute in a solution is directly proportional to its mole fraction. Raoult's law is essential in understanding the behavior of non-volatile solutes and volatile solvents.

By understanding the topics presented above, you will be well-equipped to tackle the solutions chapter in your Class 12 CBSE chemistry course. Remember, the key to mastering these concepts is to read, practice, and apply the knowledge to real-life examples and problem-solving.

Test your knowledge of solutions, solubility, concentration units, colligative properties, and Raoult's law in the Class 12 CBSE Chemistry curriculum. This quiz covers key concepts and subtopics from the solutions chapter to help you assess your understanding and preparation.

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